David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (2):147-162 (2011)
The paper criticises psychologism, i.e. the idea that economics is a science of behaviour or that it must be rooted in such a science. The argument is based on Hayek and Popper's thesis that economics studies spontaneous order. First, it is argued that if economics is to retain its traditional distance from psychology, it has to abandon the notion that it is concerned with behaviour. Then it is shown that there is no simple one-way causation from the psychological to the social and that the study of spontaneous order must be non-psychological. Further, an attempt is made to clarify some misunderstandings about the concept of spontaneous order and the differences between psychologism and methodological individualism. Finally, it is suggested that the difference between the psychological and the social can be described conveniently in Popperian terms as the difference between the ?World 2? and ?World 3? phenomena.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Jon Elster (2012). Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press.
K. R. Popper (1966). Conjectures and Refutations. Les Etudes Philosophiques 21 (3):431-434.
Karl R. Popper (1966). The Open Society and its Enemies. London, Routledge & K. Paul.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Matthieu Ballandonne (2012). New Economics of Science, Economics of Scientific Knowledge and Sociology of Science: The Case of Paul David. Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (4):391-406.
Craig Smith (2006). Adam Smith's Political Philosophy: The Invisible Hand and Spontaneous Order. Routledge.
Dennis C. Mueller (2004). Models of Man: Neoclassical, Behavioural, and Evolutionary. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (1):59-76.
Uskali Mäki (1996). Two Portraits of Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 3 (1):1-38.
Dick W. P. Ruiter (2004). Types of Institutions as Patterns of Regulated Behaviour. Res Publica 10 (3):207-231.
Susan Haack (2004). Science, Economics, 'Vision'. Social Research 71 (2):223-234.
Gabriel J. Zanotti, Intersubjectivity, Subjectivism, Social Sciences, and the Austrian School of Economics.
Gustavo Cevolani (2011). Hayek in the Lab. Austrian School, Game Theory, and Experimental Economics. Logic and Philosophy of Science 9 (1):429-436.
Struan Jacobs (2000). Spontaneous Order: Michael Polanyi and Friedrich Hayek. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (4):49-67.
D. Wade Hands (1997). Caveat Emptor: Economics and Contemporary Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):116.
Christian List & Franz Dietrich (2016). Mentalism Versus Behaviourism in Economics: A Philosophy-of-Science Perspective. Economics and Philosophy 32 (2):249-281.
Denis J. Hilton (2001). Is the Challenge for Psychologists to Return to Behaviourism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):415-416.
Added to index2012-02-20
Total downloads14 ( #264,208 of 1,911,524 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #321,691 of 1,911,524 )
How can I increase my downloads?