David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Utilitas 24 (04):483-501 (2012)
I start from three premises, roughly as follows: (1) that if possible world x is better than world y for every individual who exists in either world, then x is better than y; (2) that if x has a higher average utility, a higher total utility, and no more inequality than y, then x is better than y; (3) that better than is transitive. From these premises, it follows that benefits given to the worse off contribute no more to the world’s value than equal-sized benefits given to the better off.
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References found in this work BETA
John Rawls (1971). A Theory of Justice. Harvard University Press.
John Rawls (2009). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Jonathan Dancy (1993). Moral Reasons. Blackwell.
Robert Nozick (1993). The Nature of Rationality. Princeton University Press.
Robin Attfield (1993). The Ethics of Environmental Concern. Environmental Values 2 (1):76.
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