“Are False Memories Permanent?”: An Investigation of the Long-Term Effects of Source Misattributions
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):482-490 (1997)
With growing concerns over children's suggestibility and how it may impact their reliability as witnesses, there is increasing interest in determining the long-term effects of induced memories. The goal of the present research was to learn whether source misattributions found by Ceci, Huffman, Smith, and Loftus caused permanent memory alterations in the subjects tested. When 22 children from the original study were reinterviewed 2 years later, they recalled 77% of all true events. However, they only consented to 13% of all false events, compared to the 22% false consent rate found by Ceci et al. . Additionally, while children remained accurate in their recall of true events , they “recanted” their earlier false consents 77% of the time, after the 2-year delay. Implications of these findings for child witnesses and the legal system are discussed
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Aileen Oeberst & Hartmut Blank (2012). Undoing Suggestive Influence on Memory: The Reversibility of the Eyewitness Misinformation Effect. Cognition 125 (2):141-159.
Similar books and articles
Stephen J. Ceci, Mary Lyndia Crotteau Huffman, Elliott Smith & Elizabeth F. Loftus (1994). Repeatedly Thinking About a Non-Event: Source Misattributions Among Preschoolers. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (3-4):388-407.
James K. Kroger (2003). Long-Term Memories, Features, and Novelty. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):744-745.
Anne P. DePrince, Carolyn B. Allard, Hannah Oh & Jennifer J. Freyd (2004). What's in a Name for Memory Errors? Implications and Ethical Issues Arising From the Use of the Term "False Memory" for Errors in Memory for Details. Ethics and Behavior 14 (3):201 – 233.
Steven M. Smith (2006). Resolving Repression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):534-535.
Barbara J. Knowlton & Indre V. Viskontas (2003). Retention Systems of the Brain: Evidence From Neuropsychological Patients. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):743-744.
James E. Swain (2006). Epigenetic Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect Propagate Human Cruelty. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):242-243.
David Reitter, Frank Keller & Johanna D. Moore (2011). A Computational Cognitive Model of Syntactic Priming. Cognitive Science 35 (4):587-637.
Jesse Hughes & Lambèr M. M. Royakkers (2008). Don't Ever Do That! Long-Term Duties in Pd E L. Studia Logica 89 (1):59 - 79.
Kenneth S. Pope & Barbara G. Tabachnick (1995). Recovered Memories of Abuse Among Therapy Patients: A National Survey. Ethics and Behavior 5 (3):237 – 248.
Bengt Brülde (2007). Can Successful Mood Enhancement Make Us Less Happy? Philosophica 79:39-56.
Wade Robison (2011). Nano-Technology, Ethics, and Risks. NanoEthics 5 (1):1-13.
Anthony G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams, Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene (2003). Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.
Added to index2011-11-02
Total downloads4 ( #272,798 of 1,168,008 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,193 of 1,168,008 )
How can I increase my downloads?