David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studia Logica 89 (1):59 - 79 (2008)
This paper studies long-term norms concerning actions. In Meyer's Propositional Deontic Logic (PDₑL), only immediate duties can be expressed, however, often one has duties of longer durations such as: "Never do that", or "Do this someday". In this paper, we will investigate how to amend (PDₑL) so that such long-term duties can be expressed. This leads to the interesting and suprising consequence that the long-term prohibition and obligation are not interdefinable in our semantics, while there is a duality between these two notions. As a consequence, we have provided a new analysis of the long-term obligation by introducing a new atomic proposition I (indebtedness) to represent the condition that an agent has some unfulfilled obligation.
|Keywords||Philosophy Computational Linguistics Mathematical Logic and Foundations Logic|
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References found in this work BETA
G. H. von Wright (1951). I. Deontic Logic. Mind 60 (237):1-15.
Alan Ross Anderson (1967). Some Nasty Problems in the Formal Logic of Ethics. Noûs 1 (4):345-360.
J. -J. Ch Meyer (1989). Using Programming Concepts in Deontic Reasoning. In Renate Bartsch, J. F. A. K. van Benthem & P. van Emde Boas (eds.), Semantics and Contextual Expression. Foris Publications 117--145.
David Harel, Dexter Kozen & Jerzy Tiuryn (2000). Dynamic Logic. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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