David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):151–168 (2007)
The question of when it is permissible to inflict risks on others without their consent is one that we all face in our everyday lives, but which is often brought to our attention in contexts of technological innovation and scientific uncertainty. Xenotransplantation, the transplantation of organs or tissues from animals to humans, has the potential to save or improve the lives of many patients but gives rise to the possibility of infectious agents being transferred from donor animals into the human population. As well as being an important ethical issue in its own right it therefore provides a useful vehicle for exploring the more general question of how to balance the benefits of a practice against the risks to third parties. This paper focuses on the Rawlsian, justice-based analysis of the risks of xenotransplantation proposed by Robert Veatch. It argues that Veatch is right to take considerations of distributive justice into account, but that his particular approach is flawed. It is hoped that consideration of Veatch’s arguments, and of the underlying assumptions will suggest better ways of executing a justice-based approach.
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
R. Downie (1997). Xenotransplantation. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (4):205-206.
G. J. Boer (2010). Transplantation and Xenotransplantation. In James J. Giordano & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics. Cambridge University Press.
Peta Cook (2011). What Constitutes Adequate Public Consultation? Xenotransplantation Proceeds in Australia. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):67-70.
Edna F. Einsiedel & Heather Ross (2002). Animal Spare Parts? A Canadian Public Consultation on Xenotransplantation. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):579-591.
Laura Williamson, Marie Fox & Sheila McLean, The Regulation of Xenotransplantation in the United Kingdom After UKXIRA: Legal and Ethical Issues.
Josie Fisher (1999). An Expedient and Ethical Alternative to Xenotransplantation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):31-39.
Jeffrey H. Barker & Lauren Polcrack (2001). Respect for Persons, Informed Consent Andthe Assessment of Infectious Disease Risks in Xenotransplantation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):53-70.
J. Hughes (1998). Xenografting: Ethical Issues. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (1):18-24.
Robert Sparrow (2009). Xenotransplantation, Consent and International Justice. Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):119-127.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads7 ( #188,122 of 1,102,846 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #296,987 of 1,102,846 )
How can I increase my downloads?