David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (1):1-24 (2011)
This essay examines the function of the concept of human dignity (both as an inherent feature of human existence and as an ideal achievement) in the United Nations's 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It explains why the key framers of the document affirmed an inherent human dignity in order to provide an explanatory basis for the validity of universal human rights while eschewing any religious or metaphysical justification for this affirmation. It argues that the key framers, while aware of the Christian anthropology informing the modern Western concept of the dignity of the person, grasped (1) that the Declaration, to be ratifiable, would need to be free of religious reference, and also (2) that the notion of inherency suffices to suggest heuristically not only a universal human nature but also, crucially, a transcendent reality in which all persons participate.
|Keywords||rights inherency universal declaration dignity heuristic concept transcendence|
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References found in this work BETA
Immanuel Kant (1785/2002). Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. Oxford University Press.
Stephen L. Darwall (1977). Two Kinds of Respect. Ethics 88 (1):36-49.
Jacques Maritain, Doris C. Anson & Charner M. Perry (1943). The Rights of Man and Natural Law. Journal of Philosophy 40 (18):501-503.
Emmanuel Levinas & Richard A. Cohen (2005). Humanism of the Other. University of Illinois Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Bharat Ranganathan (2014). Should Inherent Human Dignity Be Considered Intrinsically Heuristic? Journal of Religious Ethics 42 (4):770-775.
Glenn Hughes (2014). Response to Ranganathan. Journal of Religious Ethics 42 (4):776-782.
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