Deconstructing Darwin: Evolutionary Theory in Context [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):137 - 152 (2005)
The topic of this paper is external versus internal explanations, first, of the genesis of evolutionary theory and, second, its reception. Victorian England was highly competitive and individualistic. So was the view of society promulgated by Malthus and the theory of evolution set out by Charles Darwin and A.R. Wallace. The fact that Darwin and Wallace independently produced a theory of evolution that was just as competitive and individualistic as the society in which they lived is taken as evidence for the impact that society has on science. The same conclusion is reached with respect to the reception of evolutionary theory. Because Darwin's contemporaries lived in such a competitive and individualistic society, they were prone to accept a theory that exhibited these same characteristics. The trouble is that Darwin and Wallace did not live in anything like the same society and did not formulate the same theory. Although the character of Victorian society may have influenced the acceptance of evolutionary theory, it was not the competitive, individualistic theory that Darwin and Wallace set out but a warmer, more comforting theory.
|Keywords||Darwin evolutionary theory externalism internalism natural selection Robert Young Victorian society Wallace|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David L. Hull (1988). Science as a Process an Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. University of Chicago Press.
Michael T. Ghiselin (1973). The Triumph of the Darwinian Method. Philosophy of Science 40 (3):466-467.
J. Hodges & Gregory Radick (eds.) (2003). The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge University Press.
Robert Chambers (1844/1970). Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. New York, Humanities Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Trevor Pearce (2010). "A Great Complication of Circumstances" – Darwin and the Economy of Nature. Journal of the History of Biology 43 (3):493-528.
Melinda B. Fagan (2007). Wallace, Darwin, and the Practice of Natural History. Journal of the History of Biology 40 (4):601 - 635.
Similar books and articles
James G. Lennox (1993). Darwin Was a Teleologist. Biology and Philosophy 8 (4):409-421.
Peter J. Richerson & Robert Boyd (2001). Built for Speed, Not for Comfort. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23:423-463.
Edward S. Reed (1978). Darwin's Evolutionary Philosophy: The Laws of Change. Acta Biotheoretica 27 (3-4):201-235.
Alvar Ellegȧrd (1958/1990). Darwin and the General Reader: The Reception of Darwin's Theory of Evolution in the British Periodical Press, 1859-1872. University of Chicago Press.
Lawrence A. Shapiro (1992). Darwin and Disjunction: Foraging Theory and Univocal Assignments of Content. Philosophy of Science Association 1992:469-480.
Robert A. Skipper (2004). Perspectives on the Animal Mind. Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):483-487.
Phillip Prodger (2009). Darwin's Camera: Art and Photography in the Theory of Evolution. Oxford University Press.
Walter J. Bock (2010). Multiple Explanations in Darwinian Evolutionary Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 58 (1):65-79.
Michael Ruse (1975). Book Review:Darwin and His Critics: The Reception of Darwin's Theory of Evolution by the Scientific Community David Hull. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 42 (3):338-.
David L. Hull (1973/1983). Darwin and His Critics: The Reception of Darwin's Theory of Evolution by the Scientific Community. University of Chicago Press.
Massimo Pigliucci (2007). Do We Need an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis? Evolution 61 (12):2743-2749.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads28 ( #139,234 of 1,796,168 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #468,527 of 1,796,168 )
How can I increase my downloads?