David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Hobbes is commonly taken as arguing that individuals are primarily motivated by a fear of violent death. In this paper, I argue that, for Hobbes, people come with a wide range of fears and desires; analyzing how to redirect these into the politically stabilizing fear of death is a central preoccupation of Leviathan. One of the main problems is managing what I call the “ontological illusion,” the constitutive human tendency to take presentations of the imagination as entities in the world. I first assess the textual evidence for and against the violent death reading. I then offer a reading of Hobbes’s psychology that underscores the diversity of human affective states. In the third section, I assess Hobbes’s neglected chapter on demonology – theories of witchcraft – as demonstrating both the need to manage the ontological illusion and the Hobbesian strategy for doing so.
|Keywords||Hobbes Fear Demonology Witchcraft Imagination|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Gordon Hull (2006). Hobbes's Radical Nominalism. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (1):201-223.
Gary Herbert (1994). Fear of Death and the Foundations of Natural Right in the Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. Hobbes Studies 7 (1):56-68.
S. A. Lloyd (1992). Ideals as Interests in Hobbes's Leviathan: The Power of Mind Over Matter. Cambridge University Press.
Garrath Williams, Hobbes: Moral and Political Philosophy. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Susanne Sreedhar (2008). Defending the Hobbesian Right of Self-Defense. Political Theory 36 (6):781-802.
Severin V. Kitanov (2011). Happiness in a Mechanistic Universe: Thomas Hobbes on the Nature and Attainability of Happiness. Hobbes Studies 24 (2):117-136.
Stewart Duncan (2016). Hobbes on Language: Propositions, Truth, and Absurdity. In A. P. Martinich & Kinch Hoekstra (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Hobbes. Oxford University Press 57-72.
Stewart Duncan (forthcoming). Hobbes, Universal Names, and Nominalism. In Stefano Di Bella & Tad M. Schmaltz (eds.), Universals in Modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press
Jeremy Anderson (2012). Hobbess Demanding Consequentialism: Comments on Bernard Gerts Hobbes: Prince of Peace. Hobbes Studies 25 (2):188-198.
Gayne Nerney (1991). Homo Notans: Marks, Signs, and Imagination in Hobbes's Conception of Human Nature. Hobbes Studies 4 (1):53-75.
Tom Sorell & Luc Foisneau (eds.) (2004). Leviathan After 350 Years. Oxford University Press.
Andrew Alexandra (1989). All Men Agree On This--Hobbes On The Fear Of Death And The Way To Peace. History of Philosophy Quarterly 6 (January):37-55.
Christine Chwaszcza (2012). The Seat of Sovereignty: Hobbes on the Artificial Person of the Commonwealth or State. Hobbes Studies 25 (2):123-142.
Rosamond Rhodes (2010). Taking Hobbes at His Word: Comments on Morality in the Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes by S.A. Lloyd. Hobbes Studies 23 (2):170-179.
Added to index2011-11-08
Total downloads21 ( #173,869 of 1,792,100 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #464,595 of 1,792,100 )
How can I increase my downloads?