David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
OUP Oxford (2002)
Why should any society take the decision to devote scarce resources, as a matter of public policy, to preserving natural objects? This is one of the questions considered in the field of environmental ethics, and the thinking that has taken place in this discipline has been dominated by the 'ecocentric-anthropocentric' distinction. Answers focus on either 'intrinsic values in nature', or on the human welfare benefits that will accrue from preservationist policies. These two answers are generally taken to be both mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive. Ecocentric writers believe that their preferred environmental ethic transcends anthropocentrism, whilst those who cleave to a more 'ecological humanist' position, view the turn to ecocentrism as at best an unnecessary diversion or at worst as a thinly disguised expression of misanthropy. This book looks afresh at the question of justifying nature preservation as public policy and challenges the dominant ecocentric-anthropocentric dichotomy. It undertakes a detailed analysis of the ontology and ethics of ecocentrism, of social ecology - as a self-proclaimed new-humanist' form of ecological ethics - and of eco-Marxism - an example of an ecological philosophy that claims to 'transcend' the ecocentric-anthropocentric divide. This shows that there is an 'embedded humanism' within ecocentrism that provides the resources to move beyond the ecocentric-anthropocentric dichotomy. The analysis also shows, however, that this dichotomised framework distorts the understanding of substantive moral positions in the debate that has taken place between thinkers from different ecological schools. The failure of ecocentrism lies not in its substantive moral position, but in its attempt to render the justification for preservationism non-contingent. The insights drawn from the analytical sections are pulled together in the final chapter in order to suggest a basis for justifying nature preservation as a public policy that escapes the sterile, distorting ecocentric-anthropocentric dichotomy. The author claims that an argument from 'strong irreplaceability', compatible with both human-centered and nature-centered concerns, provides the strongest grounds for the justification of a public policy of nature preservation.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$4.37 used (97% off) $43.39 new (66% off) $47.39 direct from Amazon (63% off) Amazon page|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Patrick Frierson (2007). Metastandards in the Ethics of Adam Smith and Aldo Leopold. Environmental Ethics 29 (2):171-191.
Mirjam de Groot, Martin Drenthen & Wouter T. de Groot (2011). Public Visions of the Human/Nature Relationship and Their Implications for Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 33 (1):25-44.
Lauren Oechsli (1993). Moving Beyond Anthropocentrism. Environmental Ethics 15 (1):49-59.
Brian K. Steverson (1994). Ecocentrism and Ecological Modeling. Environmental Ethics 16 (1):71-88.
Eric Katz & Lauren Oechsli (1993). Moving Beyond Anthropocentrism: Environmental Ethics, Development, and the Amazon. Environmental Ethics 15 (1):49-59.
Noel E. Boulting (1995). Between Anthropocentrism and Ecocentrism. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 2 (4):1-8.
Bill Throop (1999). Refocusing Ecocentrism. Environmental Ethics 21 (1):3-21.
Michael V. McGinnis (1994). Myth, Nature, and the Bureaucratic Experience. Environmental Ethics 16 (4):425-436.
Ned Hettinger & Bill Throop (1999). Refocusing Ecocentrism. Environmental Ethics 21 (1):3-21.
Sharon Anderson-Gold (2002). Objective Value in Environmental Ethics. Social Philosophy Today 18:111-124.
Steve Odin (1991). The Japanese Concept of Nature in Relation to the Environmental Ethics and Conservation Aesthetics of Aldo Leopold. Environmental Ethics 13 (4):345-360.
John Martin Gillroy (1998). Kantian Ethics and Environmental Policy Argument: Autonomy, Ecosystem Integrity, and Our Duties to Nature. Ethics and the Environment 3 (2):131 - 155.
Gopalkrishnan R. Iyer (1999). Business, Consumers and Sustainable Living in an Interconnected World: A Multilateral Ecocentric Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 20 (4):273 - 288.
Carolyn Merchant (1990). Environmental Ethics and Political Conflict: A View From California. Environmental Ethics 12 (1):45-68.
Eric Katz (1979). Utilitarianism and Preservation. Environmental Ethics 1 (4):357-364.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2012-01-31
Total downloads1 ( #434,761 of 1,098,986 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #287,293 of 1,098,986 )
How can I increase my downloads?