David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Social Epistemology 19 (2 & 3):231 – 253 (2005)
This paper complicates, extends, and modifies Pinch and Bijker's original social construction of technology, specifically their concepts of relevant social groups, closure, and stabilization, in order to gain insight into long-term processes of how we use and understand technology. First, this paper identifies four broad categories of relevant social groups in the social construction of technology based on stake holdings and compares them according to their activities, resources, and directionality. Second, the paper discusses the distinctions between closure and stabilization of technological artifacts, introducing temporary closure and structural flexibility as a means of understanding how different technologies can relate to each other. Third, using Rosch's cognitive approach to categorization, the paper suggests structural flexibility as a means of operationalizing stabilization. These reconceptualizations offer researchers a broader scale with which to understand the social construction of technology.
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References found in this work BETA
George Lakoff (1987). Women, Fire and Dangerous Thing: What Catergories Reveal About the Mind. University of Chicago Press.
Lgnacio Ayestarán Uriz (1997). Of Bycicles, Bakelites, and Bulbs: Toward a Theory of Sociotechnical Change. Theoria 12 (2):394-395.
Donald Beaver (2002). The Social Shaping of Technology. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 93:476-477.
Susan Douglas (1990). Technology and Society. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 81:80-83.
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