David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Erkenntnis 41 (1):1 - 35 (1994)
Coordination problems, problems in which each agent's expected utility depends upon what other agents do, pose a problem for act utilitarianism. When the agents are act utilitarians and know of each other that they are so, they seem unable to achieve optimal outcomes in certain coordination problems. I examine various ways the act utilitarian might attempt to solve this problem, where act utilitarianism is interpreted within the framework of subjective expected utility theory. In particular, a new method for computing expected utility,dynamic deliberation, deserves examination as a possible act utilitarian solution to coordination problems. I argue that even dynamic deliberation fails to give the act utilitarian what he needs in coordination problems, and that the failure of act utilitarianism for such problems suggests the need for an alternative theory of moral choice along rule utilitarian lines.
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References found in this work BETA
David Lewis (1969). Convention: A Philosophical Study. Harvard University Press.
David Hume (1739/2000). A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
Margaret Gilbert (1989). On Social Facts. Routledge.
Brian Skyrms (1990). The Dynamics of Rational Deliberation. Harvard University Press.
John Rawls (1955). Two Concepts of Rules. Philosophical Review 64 (1):3-32.
Citations of this work BETA
Rupert Read (2011). The Difference Principle is Not Action-Guiding. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (4):487-503.
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