David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Papers 39 (2):155-181 (2011)
Gerald Cohen's critique of John Rawls's theory of justice is that it is concerned only with the justice of social institutions, and must thus arbitrarily draw a line between those inequalities excluded and those allowed by the basic structure. Cohen claims that a proper concern with the interests of the least advantaged would rule out 'incentives' for 'talented' individuals. I argue that Rawls's assumption that the subject of justice is the basic structure of society does not arbitrarily restrict the concerns of political justice, as Cohen claims. Further, I argue that it does not allow 'deep' inequalities within a just basic structure. When properly understood, Rawls's theory of justice is strongly egalitarian, taken as a theory of fairness in the way the burdens and benefits of social cooperation are distributed, even if it is not as egalitarian as Cohen wishes
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Elizabeth Anderson (2007). Fair Opportunity in Education: A Democratic Equality Perspective. Ethics 117 (4):595-622.
Elizabeth S. Anderson (1999). What is the Point of Equality? Ethics 109 (2):287-337.
Brian Barry (2002). Capitalists Rule Ok? Some Puzzles About Power. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (2):155-184.
David Estlund (1998). Debate: Liberalism, Equality, and Fraternity in Cohen's Critique of Rawls. Journal of Political Philosophy 6 (1):99–112.
Samuel Richard Freeman (2007). Rawls. Routledge.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Michael Otsuka (2010). Justice as Fairness: Luck Egalitarian, Not Rawlsian. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):217-230.
Helga Varden (2010). G. A. Cohen's Rescuing Justice and Equality - A Critical Engagement. Social Philosophy Today 26:175-189.
Thomas Porter (2009). The Division of Moral Labour and the Basic Structure Restriction. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (2):173-199.
Jonathan Quong (2007). Contractualism, Reciprocity, and Egalitarian Justice. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (1):75-105.
Michael W. Howard (1984). A Contradiction in the Egalitarian Theory of Justice. Philosophy Research Archives 10:35-55.
Andrew Williams (2008). Justice, Incentives and Constructivism. Ratio 21 (4):476-493.
Percy B. Lehning (1998). The Coherence of Rawls's Plea for Democratic Equality. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 1 (4):1-41.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads127 ( #8,521 of 1,140,004 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #32,713 of 1,140,004 )
How can I increase my downloads?