Procedural memory in dissociative identity disorder: When can inter-identity amnesia be truly established?☆
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 14 (2):377-389 (2005)
In a serial reaction time task, procedural memory was examined in Dissociative Identity Disorder . Thirty-one DID patients were tested for inter-identity transfer of procedural learning and their memory performance was compared with 25 normal controls and 25 controls instructed to simulate DID. Results of patients seemed to indicate a pattern of inter-identity amnesia. Simulators, however, were able to mimic a pattern of inter-identity amnesia, rendering the results of patients impossible to interpret as either a pattern of amnesia or a pattern of simulation. It is argued that studies not including DID-simulators or simulation-free memory tasks, should not be taken as evidence for amnesia in DID
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Angelica Staniloiu, Hans J. Markowitsch & Matthias Brand (2010). Psychogenic Amnesia – A Malady of the Constricted Self☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):778-801.
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