David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):261-283 (2003)
Neural correlates exist for a basic component of logical formulae, PREDICATE(x). Vision and audition research in primates and humans shows two independent neural pathways; one locates objects in body-centered space, the other attributes properties, such as colour, to objects. In vision these are the dorsal and ventral pathways. In audition, similarly separable “where” and “what” pathways exist. PREDICATE(x) is a schematic representation of the brain's integration of the two processes of delivery by the senses of the location of an arbitrary referent object, mapped in parietal cortex, and analysis of the properties of the referent by perceptual subsystems. The brain computes actions using a few “deictic” variables pointing to objects. Parallels exist between such nonlinguistic variables and linguistic deictic devices. Indexicality and reference have linguistic and nonlinguistic (e.g., visual) versions, sharing the concept of attention. The individual variables of logical formulae are interpreted as corresponding to these mental variables. In computing action, the deictic variables are linked with “semantic” information about the objects, corresponding to logical predicates. Mental scene descriptions are necessary for practical tasks of primates, and preexist language phylogenetically. The type of scene descriptions used by nonhuman primates would be reused for more complex cognitive, ultimately linguistic, purposes. The provision by the brain's sensory/perceptual systems of about four variables for temporary assignment to objects, and the separate processes of perceptual categorization of the objects so identified, constitute a pre-adaptive platform on which an early system for the linguistic description of scenes developed. Key Words: argument; attention; deictic; dorsal; logic; neural; object; predicate; reference; ventral.
|Keywords||argument attention deictic dorsal logic neural object predicate reference ventral|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael L. Anderson (2010). Neural Reuse: A Fundamental Organizational Principle of the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (4):245.
Robert M. Seyfarth & Dorothy L. Cheney (2008). Primate Social Knowledge and the Origins of Language. Mind and Society 7 (1):129-142.
Friedemann Pulvermüller (forthcoming). The Syntax of Action. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
Nicolas Bullot (2008). Keeping Track of Invisible Individuals While Exploring a Spatial Layout with Partial Cues: Location-Based and Deictic Direction-Based Strategies. Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):15-46.
Michael H. Goldstein, Heidi R. Waterfall, Arnon Lotem, Joseph Y. Halpern, Jennifer A. Schwade, Luca Onnis & Shimon Edelman (2010). General Cognitive Principles for Learning Structure in Time and Space. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (6):249-258.
Similar books and articles
Bencie Woll (2003). The Neural Representation of Spatial Predicate-Argument Structures in Sign Language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):300-301.
Jennifer Mack & Ray Jackendoff, Semantic Combinatorial Processes in Argument Structure: Evidence From Light-Verbs.
Frank van der Velde & Marc de Kamps (2006). Neural Blackboard Architectures of Combinatorial Structures in Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):37-70.
Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy (2003). What Proper Names, and Their Absence, Do Not Demonstrate. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):288-289.
Shulan Lu & Donald R. Franceschetti (2003). Perceiving and Describing Motion Events. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):295-296.
Melvyn A. Goodale & K. Murphy (2000). Space in the Brain: Different Neural Substrates for Allocentric and Egocentric Frames of Reference. In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press.
James R. Hurford (2003). Ventral/Dorsal, Predicate/Argument: The Transformation From Perception to Meaning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):301-311.
Bruce Bridgeman (2003). Grammar Originates in Action Planning, Not in Cognitive and Sensorimotor Visual Systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):287-287.
Michael A. Arbib (2003). Predicates: External Description or Neural Reality? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):285-286.
Ingar Brinck (2003). The Objects of Attention: Causes and Targets: Commentary on Hurford's "The Neural Basis of Predicate-Argument Structure&Quot. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26:287-288.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #120,359 of 1,088,388 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,601 of 1,088,388 )
How can I increase my downloads?