Graduate studies at Western
In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and Morality. Oxford University Press (2007)
|Abstract||There is a widespread, popular view—and one I basically endorse—that Nietzsche is, in one sense of the word, a nihilist. As Arthur Danto put it some time ago, according to Nietzsche, “there is nothing in [the world] which might sensibly be supposed to have value.” As interpreters of Nietzsche, though, we cannot simply stop here. Nietzsche's higher men, Übermenschen, “genuine philosophers”, free spirits—the types Nietzsche wants to bring forth from the human, all-too-human herds he sees around him with the fish hooks, as he says, of his books—seem to engage in what looks like valuing. These free spirits are supposed to revalue the old values—revaluing, as is clear from the texts, is not simply to remove the old values from circulation (Nietzsche uses “umwerten” and not “entwerten”)—and they are supposed to create new values. And, of course, Nietzsche himself, free spirit that he is, takes on the task of revaluing all values and seems to assert many a strident evaluation. So we need to say more here. What are Nietzsche and his free spirits up to when they engage in what looks, for all the world, like a practice of valuing? What is the practice of valuing Nietzsche is recommending for his free spirits? I argue for two claims: (i) First, we end up facing an interpretive puzzle when we attempt to explain how Nietzsche's free spirits are supposed to engage in a practice of valuing. (ii) Second, we can solve the interpretive puzzle by taking Nietzsche's free spirits to be engaged in a fictionalist simulacrum of valuing.|
|Keywords||Nietzsche meta-ethics metaethics illusion fictionalism pretense pretence values value subjectivism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|External links||This entry has no external links. Add one.|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Saul Smilansky (1999). Free Will: The Positive Role of Illusion. In The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Volume 2: Metaphysics. Bowling Green: Philosophy Doc Ctr.
Julian Young (2010). Review of Jonathan R. Cohen, Science, Culture, and Free Spirits: A Study of Nietzsche's Human, All-Too-Human. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (7).
Saul Smilansky (2000). Free Will and Illusion. Oxford University Press.
Christoph Menke & James Swindal (1996). Tragedy and the Free Spirits: On Nietzsche's Theory of Aesthetic Freedom. Philosophy and Social Criticism 22 (1):1-12.
Saul Smilansky (2002). Free Will, Fundamental Dualism,and the Centrality of Illusion. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1984/1996). Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits. University of Nebraska Press.
Saul Smilansky (2001). Free Will: From Nature to Illusion. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 101 (1):71-95.
Keith Ansell-Pearson (2009). Free Spirits and Free Thinkers : Nietzsche and Guyau on the Future of Morality. In Jeffrey A. Metzger (ed.), Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Philosophy of the Future. Continuum.
Nadeem J. Z. Hussain, Eternal Recurrence and Nihilism: Adding Weight to the Unbearable Lightness of Action.
Jacob Golomb (2005). The Non-Viability of Nietzsche's Highest Ideals. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):121-137.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads43 ( #30,815 of 739,347 )
Recent downloads (6 months)15 ( #8,395 of 739,347 )
How can I increase my downloads?