David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):717 - 728 (2009)
A key feature of ISCT is the claim that individuals are required to comply with the norms that are "accepted by a clear majority of the community as standing for an ethical principle" [Donaldson and Dunfee, 1999, "The Ties that Bind" (Harvard Business School Press, Boson, MA), p. 39], so long as these norms are consistent with hypernorms. I refer to this as the communal authority thesis. Many people see the communal authority thesis as an attractive feature of ISCT, a welcome move away from the abstraction of principle-based ethical theories. I argue in this article, however, that the communal authority thesis is false: we do not have a general moral obligation to comply with the accepted norms in our community. I consider and reject several defenses of the communal authority thesis, including the central arguments put forward by Donaldson and Dunfee. I go on to develop my own position, which accepts that social norms can be important from the moral point of view. However, I argue that social norms are important because they can shape the morally important features of our situation, not because we have a general obligation to comply with these norms as such. I use examples such as gift giving in Japan and the housing crisis to illustrate my position
|Keywords||social norms cultural relativism author- ity social contracts consent communitarianism Habermas Hayek ISCT|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Thomas Scanlon (1998). What We Owe to Each Other. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Joseph Raz (1986). The Morality of Freedom. Oxford University Press.
Jürgen Habermas (1996). Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy. Polity.
John Locke (1988). Two Treatises of Government. Cambridge University Press.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1997). The Social Contract and Other Later Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Lynne Rudder Baker (2007). Social Externalism and First-Person Authority. Erkenntnis 67 (2):287 - 300.
Mark Douglas (2000). Integrative Social Contracts Theory: Hype Over Hypernorms. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 26 (2):101 - 110.
Stephen Darwall (2011). Authority, Accountability, and Preemption. Jurisprudence 2 (1):103-119.
Linda Radzik (2000). Justification and the Authority of Norms. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (4):451-461.
Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer (2006). Ties That Unwind: Dynamism in Integrative Social Contracts Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):283 - 302.
Thorian Rane Harris, Arisotelian and Confucian Cultures of Authority : Justifying Moral Norms by Appeal to the Authority of Exemplary Persons.
Francis J. Schweigert (1999). Learning the Common Good: Principles of Community-Based Moral Education in Restorative Justice. Journal of Moral Education 28 (2):163-183.
M. Baurmann (2000). Legal Authority as a Social Fact. Law and Philosophy 19 (2):247-262.
George G. Brenkert (2009). ISCT, Hypernorms, and Business: A Reinterpretation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):645 - 658.
Andrei Marmor (2011). The Dilemma of Authority. Jurisprudence 2 (1):121-141.
Added to index2009-12-26
Total downloads18 ( #206,607 of 1,907,520 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #341,955 of 1,907,520 )
How can I increase my downloads?