Datos, fenómenos Y constructos teóricos - un enfoque representacional (data, phenomena and theoretical constructs - a representational account)

Theoria 13 (1):61-87 (1998)
Abstract
En la estructura de una teoría se han distinguido tradicionalmente dos niveles conceptual y metodológicamente distintos: el nivel empirico y el teórico. Sostenemos que este enfoque de! doble nivel es incompleto y que conduce además a distorsiones, tanto en la comprensión filosofíca de las teorías como en la de su uso en la praxis científica. En este artículo se diseña un nuevo enfoque, segun el cual las teorías se conciben como estructuras representacionales tripartitas, que comprenden tres niveles conceptual y metodológicamente distintos: el nivel de los datos, el de los fenómenos y el de los constructos teóricos. Se exploran las relaciones estructurales básicas entre los tres niveles y se muestran algunas aplicaciones relativas a los problemas de la idealización.Traditionally two different conceptual and methodological levels are distinguished within a theory: the empirical and the theoretical level. We argue that this two-level account is incomplete, leading to distortions of the philosophical understanding of theories and their usage in scientific praxis. We sketch a new account according to which theories are conceptualizad as three-tiered representational structures comprising three conceptually and methodologically different levels, to wit, the levels of data, phenomena and the level of theoretical constructs. Basic structural relations between these differentlevels are studied, some applications concerning problems of idealization are given
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