David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 68 (3):515 - 551 (1986)
In this paper we propose a formal theory of metaphors called Constrained Semantic Transference [CST]. We start from the assumptions that metaphors are characterized by the description of one domain, called the target domain, in terms of another domain, called the source domain; and that a metaphor works by transferring a set of structural relationships from the source domain to the target domain coherently.Starting from these assumptions, we formally define the concept of T-MAPs which are partial coherent mappings from the source domain to the target domain. We also define two operators, called Augmentation and Positing Structure that extend a given T-MAP by adding new structure to the target domain.
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References found in this work BETA
Max Black (1962). Models and Metaphors. Ithaca, N.Y.,Cornell University Press.
Dedre Gentner (1983). Structure‐Mapping: A Theoretical Framework for Analogy. Cognitive Science 7 (2):155-170.
Mary B. Hesse (1966). Models and Analogies in Science. University of Notre Dame Press.
Mary B. Hesse (1974). The Structure of Scientific Inference. [London]Macmillan.
George Lakoff (1980/2003). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
J. van Brakel & J. P. M. Geurts (1988). Pragmatic Identity of Meaning and Metaphor. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 2 (2):205 – 226.
Michael A. Arbib (1987). Of Schemas, Neural Nets, and Rana Computatrix. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):451.
Bipin Indurkhya (1987). Approximate Semantic Transference: A Computational Theory of Metaphors and Analogies. Cognitive Science 11 (4):445-480.
Michael A. Arbib (1987). Levels of Modeling of Mechanisms of Visually Guided Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):407.
John A. Barnden (1987). The Centrality of Instantiations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):437.
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