David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):627-648 (2012)
Introspective and phenomenological methods are once again being used to support the use of subjective reports, rather than objective behavioural measures, to investigate and measure consciousness. Objective measures are often seen as useful ways of investigating the range of capacities subjects have in responding to phenomena, but are fraught with the interpretive problems of how to link behavioural capacities with consciousness. Instead, gathering subjective reports is seen as a more direct way of assessing the contents of consciousness. This article explores three different ways of gathering subjective reports that have been discussed in recent literature on consciousness, including immediate retrospection (Schwitzgebel ) and two types of introspective training (Overgaard et al. ; Schwitzgebel ). Although not an exhaustive survey of the range of introspective methods now used, the discussion below highlights a range of general methodological problems with introspective methods, many identified up to a century ago. It is argued that none of the methodological problems established in earlier criticisms of the use of subjective reports have been dealt with, yet are still valid criticisms. Given that this is not the first time proponents of introspective, subjective measures of conscious have failed to answer these criticisms, this raises the question of whether the goal of providing a measure of consciousness is a methodological muddle worth pursuing
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Ned Block (2007). Consciousness, Accessibility, and the Mesh Between Psychology and Neuroscience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5):481--548.
C. W. Eriksen (1960). Discrimination and Learning Without Awareness: A Metholodological Survey and Evaluation. Psychological Review 67:279-300.
Shaun Gallagher & Jesper B. Sorensen (2006). Experimenting with Phenomenology. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):119-134.
Victor A. F. Lamme (2006). Towards a True Neural Stance on Consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (11):494-501.
Arien Mack & Irvin Rock (2003). Inattentional Blindness: An Overview. Current Directions in Psychological Science 12 (5):180-184.
Citations of this work BETA
Elizabeth Irvine (2013). Measures of Consciousness. Philosophy Compass 8 (3):285-297.
Similar books and articles
Morten Overgaard, Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg & Axel Cleeremans (2010). Optimizing Subjective Measures of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):682-684.
Eleni Ziori & Zoltán Dienes (2006). Subjective Measures of Unconscious Knowledge of Concepts. Mind and Society 5 (1):105-122.
Erik Angner (2011). Are Subjective Measures of Well-Being 'Direct'? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):115 - 130.
Anil K. Seth, Zoltan Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard & Luiz Pessoa (2008). Measuring Consciousness: Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314-321.
Gualtiero Piccinini (2003). Data From Introspective Reports: Upgrading From Common Sense to Science. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (9-10):141-156.
Bruce J. MacLennan (1995). The Investigation of Consciousness Through Phenomenology and Neuroscience. In Joseph E. King & Karl H. Pribram (eds.), Proceedings Scale in Conscious Experience: Third Appalachian Conference on Behavioral Neurodynamics. Lawrence Erlbaum. 23-43.
David M. Armstrong (1981). What is Consciousness? In John Heil (ed.), The Nature of Mind. Cornell University Press.
David J. Chalmers (1999). First-Person Methods in the Science of Consciousness. Consciousness Bulletin.
David John Chalmers (2010). The Character of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
Christopher S. Hill (2009). Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
A. Goldman (1997). Science, Publicity, and Consciousness. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):525-45.
Anthony I. Jack & T. Shallice (2001). Introspective Physicalism as an Approach to the Science of Consciousness. Cognition 79 (1):161-196.
Keith Hossack (2002). Self-Knowledge and Consciousness. Proceedings of Aristotelian Society 102 (2):168-181.
Added to index2012-07-05
Total downloads48 ( #38,405 of 1,139,892 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #22,168 of 1,139,892 )
How can I increase my downloads?