Philosophical Review 102 (4):515-540 (1993)
|Abstract||Brutus wanted to kill Caesar. He believed that Caesar was an ordinary mortal, and that, given this, stabbing him (by which we mean plunging a knife into his heart) was a way of killing him. He thought that he could stab Caesar, for he remembered that he had a knife and saw that Caesar was standing next to him on his left, in the Forum. So Brutus was motivated to stab the man to his left. He did so, thereby killing Caesar. We have explained Brutus’s act by citing a complex of beliefs, desires and perceptions that motivated it. Our explanation provides a causal account of Brutus’s act. The beliefs, desires and perceptions in such a motivating complex are particular cognitions. The act was also a particular, an event that occurred at a certain place and time. The cognitions caused the act.1 Our explanation also provides a rationale for Brutus’s act. The beliefs, desires and perceptions of Brutus’s that we cite had contents. The desire we cited had the content that Brutus kill Caesar. The ﬁrst belief we cited had the content that Caesar was an ordinary mortal. The act was of a certain type. The explanation provides a rationale because the contents of the cognitions mesh in a certain way with one another and with the type of the act. It was the type of act that would satisfy Brutus’s desire to kill 1 Caesar, if the beliefs we cited were true. If the person next to him is Caesar, and Caesar is mortal, and stabbing is a way of killing the mortal next to one, then an act of that type will satisfy Brutus’s desire. The beliefs in the motivating complex “close the gap” between the type of act motivated and the motivating desire|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
A. F. Giles (1940). Marcus Brutus Max Radin: Marcus Brutus. Pp. Ix+238. New York: Oxford University Press, 1939. Cloth, 14s. 6d. The Classical Review 54 (03):164-165.
P. G. Walsh (1968). The Fame of Caesar Otto Seel: Caesar-Studien. Pp. 136. Stuttgart: Ernst Klett, 1967. Paper, DM.7.60. Detlef Rasmussen (Ed.): Caesar. (Wege der Forschung, Xliii.) Pp. Xi+522; 31 Plates. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1967. Cloth, DM.39.80. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 18 (03):311-313.
Michael Winterbottom (1967). A New Commentary on the Brutus A. E. Douglas: M. Tulli Ciceronis Brutus. Pp. Lxii+261 (Text Unnumbered). Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966. Cloth, 63s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 17 (03):301-303.
Chris Meyers (2005). Wants and Desires: A Critique of Conativist Theory of Motivation. Journal of Philosophical Research 30:357-370.
Maria Alvarez (2008). Reasons and the Ambiguity of 'Belief'. Philosophical Explorations 11 (1):53 – 65.
David Wall (2009). Are There Passive Desires? Dialectica 63 (2):133-155.
Susan Schneider, Events. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
John Hyman (2001). -Ings and -Ers. Ratio 14 (4):298–317.
John Perry (1993). Executions, Motivations, and Accomplishments. Philosophical Review 102 (4):515 - 540.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #100,810 of 556,837 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,847 of 556,837 )
How can I increase my downloads?