David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Religious Ethics 19 (1):55 - 70 (1991)
Early Confucian ethics can best be understood as character consequentialism, an ethical theory concerned with the effects actions have upon the cultivation of virtues and which concentrates on certain psychological goods, particularly certain kinship relationships which it regards not only as intrinsically but also instrumentally valuable, as the source of more general social virtues. According to character consequentialism, the way to maximize the good is to maximize the number of virtuous individuals in society, but because human virtues cannot be cultivated by pursuing their good consequences directly, they must be sought as expressions of a life ideal. This ideal entails developing one's nature to fulfill Heaven's design.
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Erika Yu & Ruiping Fan (2007). A Confucian View of Personhood and Bioethics. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (3):171-179.
Karyn L. Lai (2009). Judgment in Confucian Ethics. Sophia 48 (1):77-84.
Karyn L. Lai (2012). Knowing to Act in the Moment: Examples From Confucius’Analects. Asian Philosophy 22 (4):347-364.
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