Heaven as a source for ethical warrant in early confucianism

Abstract
Contrary to what several prominent scholars contend, a number of important early Confucians ground their ethical claims by appealing to the authority of tian, Heaven, insisting that Heaven endows human beings with a distinctive ethical nature and at times acts in the world. This essay describes the nature of such appeals in two early Confucian texts: the Lunyu (Analects) and Mengzi (Mencius). It locates this account within a larger narrative that begins with some of the earliest conceptions of a supreme deity in China. The essay concludes by noting some similarities and differences between these early Confucian accounts and more familiar views commonly shared by monotheists.
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    References found in this work BETA
    Stephen Darwall (1999). The Inventions of Autonomy. European Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):339–350.

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    Citations of this work BETA
    Erin M. Cline (2009). The Way, the Right, and the Good. Journal of Religious Ethics 37 (1):107-129.
    Robin Wang (2010). The Virtuous Body at Work: The Ethical Life as Qi 氣 in Motion. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (3):339-351.
    Aaron Stalnaker (2013). Confucianism, Democracy, and the Virtue of Deference. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (4):441-459.
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