Logical reasoning in natural language: It is all about knowledge [Book Review]

Minds and Machines 3 (4):475-510 (1993)
Abstract
A formal, computational, semantically clean representation of natural language is presented. This representation captures the fact that logical inferences in natural language crucially depend on the semantic relation of entailment between sentential constituents such as determiner, noun, adjective, adverb, preposition, and verb phrases.The representation parallels natural language in that it accounts for human intuition about entailment of sentences, it preserves its structure, it reflects the semantics of different syntactic categories, it simulates conjunction, disjunction, and negation in natural language by computable operations with provable mathematical properties, and it allows one to represent coordination on different syntactic levels.
Keywords Inferencing in natural language  representation of natural language  Boolean semantics  negation  negative information  modeling natural language  knowledge representation
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