Graduate studies at Western
Prolegomena 12 (1):61-82 (2013)
|Abstract||This essay shows that a moral sense or moral sentiments alone cannot identify appropriate morals. To this end, the essay analyzes three defenses of Francis Hutcheson's, David Hume's, and Adam Smith's moral sense theories against the relativism charge that a moral sense or moral sentiments vary across people, societies, cultures, or times. The first defense is the claim that there is a universal moral sense or universal moral sentiments. However, even if they exist, a moral sense or moral sentiments alone cannot identify appropriate morals. The second defense is to adopt a general viewpoint theory, which identifies moral principles by taking a general viewpoint. But it needs to employ reason, and even if not, it does not guarantee that we identify appropriate morals. The third defense is to adopt an ideal observer theory, which draws moral principles from sentimental reactions of an ideal observer. Yet it still does not show that a moral sense or moral sentiments alone can identify appropriate morals.|
|Keywords||ethics Hume Hutcheson ideal observer moral relativism moral sense moral sentiment reason Smith universalism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Brian K. Steverson (2003). Evolutionary Emotivism and the Land Ethic. Social Philosophy Today 19:65-77.
Amartya Sen (1997). Economics, Business Principles and Moral Sentiments. Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (3):5-15.
Fritz Allhoff (2009). The Evolution of the Moral Sentiments and the Metaphysics of Morals. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (1):97 - 114.
Susan M. Purviance (2002). Ethical Externalism and the Moral Sense. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:585-600.
Rachel Cohon (2012). Hume's Moral Sentiments As Motives. Hume Studies 36 (2):193-213.
Peter Singer (1995). Is There a Universal Moral Sense? Critical Review 9 (3):325-339.
Noriaki Iwasa (2010). Sentimentalism and Metaphysical Beliefs. Prolegomena 9 (2):271-286.
Noriaki Iwasa (2011). Sentimentalism and the Is-Ought Problem. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (33):323-352.
Added to index2009-10-13
Total downloads21 ( #65,382 of 723,483 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #26,098 of 723,483 )
How can I increase my downloads?