Autism as a Natural Human Variation: Reflections on the Claims of the Neurodiversity Movement [Book Review]

Health Care Analysis 20 (1):20-30 (2012)
Abstract
Neurodiversity has remained a controversial concept over the last decade. In its broadest sense the concept of neurodiversity regards atypical neurological development as a normal human difference. The neurodiversity claim contains at least two different aspects. The first aspect is that autism, among other neurological conditions, is first and foremost a natural variation. The other aspect is about conferring rights and in particular value to the neurodiversity condition, demanding recognition and acceptance. Autism can be seen as a natural variation on par with for example homosexuality. The broad version of the neurodiversity claim, covering low-functioning as well as high-functioning autism, is problematic. Only a narrow conception of neurodiversity, referring exclusively to high-functioning autists, is reasonable. We will discuss the effects of DSM categorization and the medical model for high functioning autists. After a discussion of autism as a culture we will analyze various possible strategies for the neurodiversity movement to claim extra resources for autists as members of an underprivileged culture without being labelled disabled or as having a disorder. We will discuss their vulnerable status as a group and what obligation that confers on the majority of neurotypicals.
Keywords Autism  Disability  DSM-V  Equality  Neurodiversity  Vulnerability
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
 
Download options
PhilPapers Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 11,007
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Victoria McGeer (2004). Autistic Self-Awareness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (3):235-251.
Mary C. Ruof (2004). Vulnerability, Vulnerable Populations, and Policy. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (4):411-425.
Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Similar books and articles
Jami L. Anderson (2013). A Dash of Autism. In Jami L. Anderson Simon Cushing (ed.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman & Littlefield.
Ruth Sample (2013). Autism and the Extreme Male Brain. In Jami L. Anderson Simon Cushing (ed.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman and Littlefield.
Charlotte Moore (2008). Thoughts About the Autism Label: A Parental View. Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (3-4):493-498.
Analytics

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2012-02-11

Total downloads

15 ( #107,820 of 1,101,151 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

2 ( #177,254 of 1,101,151 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Start a new thread
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.