Autism as a Natural Human Variation: Reflections on the Claims of the Neurodiversity Movement [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Health Care Analysis 20 (1):20-30 (2012)
Neurodiversity has remained a controversial concept over the last decade. In its broadest sense the concept of neurodiversity regards atypical neurological development as a normal human difference. The neurodiversity claim contains at least two different aspects. The first aspect is that autism, among other neurological conditions, is first and foremost a natural variation. The other aspect is about conferring rights and in particular value to the neurodiversity condition, demanding recognition and acceptance. Autism can be seen as a natural variation on par with for example homosexuality. The broad version of the neurodiversity claim, covering low-functioning as well as high-functioning autism, is problematic. Only a narrow conception of neurodiversity, referring exclusively to high-functioning autists, is reasonable. We will discuss the effects of DSM categorization and the medical model for high functioning autists. After a discussion of autism as a culture we will analyze various possible strategies for the neurodiversity movement to claim extra resources for autists as members of an underprivileged culture without being labelled disabled or as having a disorder. We will discuss their vulnerable status as a group and what obligation that confers on the majority of neurotypicals.
|Keywords||Autism Disability DSM-V Equality Neurodiversity Vulnerability|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Andrew Fenton & Tim Krahn (2009). Autism, Neurodiversity and Equality Beyond The'normal'. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 2 (2):2.
Victoria McGeer (2004). Autistic Self-Awareness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (3):235-251.
Mary C. Ruof (2004). Vulnerability, Vulnerable Populations, and Policy. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (4):411-425.
Doris Schroeder & Eugenijus Gefenas (2009). Vulnerability: Too Vague and Too Broad? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (02):113-.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Pier Jaarsma, Petra Gelhaus & Stellan Welin (2012). Living the Categorical Imperative: Autistic Perspectives on Lying and Truth Telling–Between Kant and Care Ethics. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (3):271-277.
Jami L. Anderson (2013). A Dash of Autism. In Jami L. Anderson Simon Cushing (ed.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman & Littlefield.
R. Eric Barnes & Helen McCabe (2012). Should We Welcome a Cure for Autism? A Survey of the Arguments. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (3):255-269.
Ruth Sample (2013). Autism and the Extreme Male Brain. In Jami L. Anderson Simon Cushing (ed.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman and Littlefield.
Anne E. McGuire & Rod Michalko (2011). Minds Between Us: Autism, Mindblindness and the Uncertainty of Communication. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (2):162-177.
Jami L. Anderson & Simon Cushing (eds.) (2013). The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman & Littlefield.
Richard Griffin, Infant EEG Activity as a Biomarker for Autism: A Promising Approach or a False Promise?
Tony Charman (2001). Understanding the Imitation Deficit in Autism May Lead to a More Specific Model of Autism as an Empathy Disorder. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):29-30.
Charlotte Moore (2008). Thoughts About the Autism Label: A Parental View. Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (3-4):493-498.
Richard Davidson, Gaze-Fixation, Brain Activation, and Amygdala Volume in Unaffected Siblings of Individuals with Autism.
Tony Charman (2005). Why Do Individuals with Autism Lack the Motivation or Capacity to Share Intentions? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):695-696.
H. K. Bouma (2006). Radical Interpretation and High-Functioning Autistic Speakers: A Defense of Davidson on Thought and Language. Philosophical Psychology 19 (5):639-662.
Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.) (2010). Autism and Talent. OUP/The Royal Society.
Kristin Andrews (2002). Interpreting Autism: A Critique of Davidson on Thought and Language. Philosophical Psychology 15 (3):317-332.
Added to index2012-02-11
Total downloads15 ( #101,240 of 1,096,248 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #126,669 of 1,096,248 )
How can I increase my downloads?