Autism as a Natural Human Variation: Reflections on the Claims of the Neurodiversity Movement [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Health Care Analysis 20 (1):20-30 (2012)
Neurodiversity has remained a controversial concept over the last decade. In its broadest sense the concept of neurodiversity regards atypical neurological development as a normal human difference. The neurodiversity claim contains at least two different aspects. The first aspect is that autism, among other neurological conditions, is first and foremost a natural variation. The other aspect is about conferring rights and in particular value to the neurodiversity condition, demanding recognition and acceptance. Autism can be seen as a natural variation on par with for example homosexuality. The broad version of the neurodiversity claim, covering low-functioning as well as high-functioning autism, is problematic. Only a narrow conception of neurodiversity, referring exclusively to high-functioning autists, is reasonable. We will discuss the effects of DSM categorization and the medical model for high functioning autists. After a discussion of autism as a culture we will analyze various possible strategies for the neurodiversity movement to claim extra resources for autists as members of an underprivileged culture without being labelled disabled or as having a disorder. We will discuss their vulnerable status as a group and what obligation that confers on the majority of neurotypicals.
|Keywords||Autism Disability DSM-V Equality Neurodiversity Vulnerability|
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References found in this work BETA
Andrew Fenton & Tim Krahn (2009). Autism, Neurodiversity and Equality Beyond The'normal'. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 2 (2):2.
Victoria McGeer (2004). Autistic Self-Awareness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (3):235-251.
Mary C. Ruof (2004). Vulnerability, Vulnerable Populations, and Policy. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (4):411-425.
Doris Schroeder & Eugenijus Gefenas (2009). Vulnerability: Too Vague and Too Broad? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (02):113-.
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