The trans-species core SELF: the emergence of active cultural and neuro-ecological agents through self-related processing within subcortical-cortical midline networks
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):193â215 (2009)
The nature of “the self” has been one of the central problems in philosophy and more recently in neuroscience. This raises various questions: Can we attribute a self to animals? Do animals and humans share certain aspects of their core selves, yielding a trans-species concept of self? What are the neural processes that underlie a possible trans-species concept of self? What are the developmental aspects and do they result in various levels of self-representation? Drawing on recent literature from both human and animal research, we suggest a trans-species concept of self that is based upon what has been called a “core-self” which can be described by self-related processing as a specific mode of interaction between organism and environment. When we refer to specific neural networks, we will here refer to the underlying system as the “core-SELF.” The core-SELF provides primordial neural coordinates that represent organisms as living creatures—at the lowest level this elaborates interoceptive states along with raw emotional feelings while higher medial cortical levels facilitate affective-cognitive integration . Developmentally, SRP allows stimuli from the environment to be related and linked to organismic needs, signaled and processed within core-self structures within subcorical-cortical midline structures that provide the foundation for epigenetic emergence of ecologically framed, higher idiographic forms of selfhood across different individuals within a species. These functions ultimately operate as a coordinated network. We postulate that core SRP operates automatically, is deeply affective, and is developmentally and epigenetically connected to sensory-motor and higher cognitive abilities. This core-self is mediated by SCMS, embedded in visceral and instinctual representations of the body that are well integrated with basic attentional, emotional and motivational functions that are apparently shared between humans, non-human mammals, and perhaps in a proto-SELF form, other vertebrates. Such a trans-species concept of organismic coherence is thoroughly biological and affective at the lowest levels of a complex neural network, and culturally and ecologically molded at higher levels of neural processing. It allows organisms to selectively adapt to and integrate with physical and social environments. Such a psychobiologically universal, but environmentally diversified, concept may promote novel trans-species studies of the core-self across mammalian species
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
R. L. Buckner & D. C. Carroll (2007). Self-Projection and the Brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):49-57.
Shaun Gallagher (2000). Philosophical Conceptions of the Self. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):14-21.
Daniel L. Schacter & Donna Rose Addis (2008). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Constructive Memory: Remembering the Past and Imagining the Future. In Jon Driver, Patrick Haggard & Tim Shallice (eds.), Mental Processes in the Human Brain. OUP Oxford
Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal (2001). Empathy: Its Ultimate and Proximate Bases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):1-20.
J. Smith, W. Shields & D. Washburn (2003). The Comparative Psychology of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):317-339.
Citations of this work BETA
Georg Northoff, Pengmin Qin & Todd E. Feinberg (2011). Brain Imaging of the SelfâConceptual, Anatomical and Methodological Issues. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):52â63.
Marie Vandekerckhove & Jaak Panksepp (2009). The Flow of Anoetic to Noetic and Autonoetic Consciousness: A Vision of Unknowing (Anoetic) and Knowing (Noetic) Consciousness in the Remembrance of Things Past and Imagined Futures. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1018-1028.
Similar books and articles
Georg Northoff (2005). Emotional-Cognitive Integration, the Self, and Cortical Midline Structures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):211-212.
Steven Quartz & Terrence Sejnowski (2000). Constraining Constructivism: Cortical and Sub-Cortical Constraints on Learning in Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):785-791.
Georg Northoff (2007). Subcortical Regions and the Self. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):100-101.
Daniel Collerton & Elaine Perry (2007). Do Multiple Cortical-Subcortical Interactions Support Different Aspects of Consciousness? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):88-89.
Hans-Martin Sass (1989). Brain Life and Brain Death: A Proposal for a Normative Agreement. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):45-59.
John Herman (2000). Reflexive and Orienting Properties of Rem Sleep Dreaming and Eye Movements. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):950-950.
Georg Northoff (2002). What Catatonia Can Tell Us About “Top-Down Modulation”: A Neuropsychiatric Hypothesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):555-577.
Dennis J. L. G. Schutter & Jack van Honk (2004). Schizophrenia: A Disorder of Affective Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):804-805.
Mark Ridley (1989). The Cladistic Solution to the Species Problem. Biology and Philosophy 4 (1):1-16.
Maciej Dombrowski (2012). Complexity – Emergence – Ecological Cognition. Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):108-121.
Victoria A. Braithwaite, Felicity Huntingford & Ruud den Bos (2013). Variation in Emotion and Cognition Among Fishes. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):7-23.
John G. Taylor (1998). Cortical Activity and the Explanatory Gap. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):109-48.
William A. Phillips & Wolf Singer (1997). In Search of Common Foundations for Cortical Computation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):657-683.
Wayne S. Murray (2000). Interaction Versus Autonomy: A Close Shave. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):341-342.
Stephen Grossberg (1997). Principles of Cortical Synchronization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):689-690.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads76 ( #39,928 of 1,724,892 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #167,179 of 1,724,892 )
How can I increase my downloads?