David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1163-1173 (1997)
A cross-cultural empirical study is reported in this article which looks at ethical beliefs and behaviours among French and German managers, and compares this with previous studies of U.S. and Israeli managers using a similar questionnaire. Comparisons are made between what managers say they believe, and what they do, between managers and their peers' attitudes and behaviours, and between perceived top management attitudes and the existence of company policy. In the latter, significant differences are found by national ownership of the company rather than the country in which it is situated. Significant differences are found, for both individual managers by nationality, and for companies by nationality of parents, in the area of organizational loyalty. The attitude towards accepting gifts and favours in exchange for preferential treatment, as a measure of societal values, is also found to show significant differences between national groups. However, no significant differences are found for measures for group loyalty, conflict between organizational and group loyalty and for conflicts between self and group/organization. The findings have implications for cross-border management decision strategies regarding such issues as receiving and giving of gifts, and the management of relations between local employees and international organizations which may be affected by differences in attitude to corporate loyalty.
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Citations of this work BETA
Kerry L. Pedigo & Verena Marshall (2009). Bribery: Australian Managers' Experiences and Responses When Operating in International Markets. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):59 - 74.
Muel Kaptein (2010). The Ethics of Organizations: A Longitudinal Study of the U.S. Working Population. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 92 (4):601 - 618.
Mark S. Schwartz (2012). The State of Business Ethics in Israel: A Light Unto the Nations? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 105 (4):429-446.
Mehran Nejati, Azlan Amran & Amirul Shah Md Shahbudin (2011). Attitudes Towards Business Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Students in Iran and Malaysia. International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 6 (1):68.
Chris Perryer & Brenda Scott-Ladd (2014). Deceit, Misuse and Favours: Understanding and Measuring Attitudes to Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (1):123-134.
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