David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (1):43-68 (2003)
To establish a tripartite division of the parts of the soul, Socrates in Plato’s Republic introduces a Principle of Opposites. The principle entails that only distinct parts of a soul can be simultaneously engaged in opposed actions directed toward the same intended object. Appealing to the principle, Socrates proposes to distinguish between rational, spirited, and appetitive parts of the soul. He describes two situations of opposed actions in a soul that both desires to drink but chooses not to drink, and desires to indulge in morbid voyeurism but is angry about doing so. Without a sound basis for dividing the parts of the soul in precisely this way, Socrates cannot adequately defend the dialogue’s main conclusion that justice in both city and soul is the proper harmonious hierarchical order of their respective parts. I argue that Socrates’ efforts to prove the division of the soul into three parts are inconclusive because it is possible to interpret his illustrations as involving unopposed psychological acts directed toward different rather than identical intended objects
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Nicholas D. Smith (1999). Plato's Analogy of Soul and State. Journal of Ethics 3 (1):31-49.
Rachel Barney, Tad Brennan & Charles Brittain (eds.) (2012). Plato and the Divided Self. Cambridge University Press.
Michael Davis (2011). The Soul of the Greeks: An Inquiry. University of Chicago Press.
Brian Prince (2012). The Form of Soul in the Phaedo. Plato 11 11.
Alexey R. Fokin (2009). The Relationship Between Soul and Spirit in Greek and Latin Patristic Thought. Faith and Philosophy 26 (5):599-614.
Marleen Rozemond (forthcoming). The Faces of Simplicity in Descartes’s Soul. In K. Corcilius, D. Perler & C. Helmig (eds.), The Parts of the Soul. De Gruyter.
Karel Thein (2012). A Much Disputed “Whole” at Phaedrus 270. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):139-152.
Ronna Burger (2003). The Thumotic Soul. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (2):151-167.
Barbara Honey Brooks, An Examination of the Influence of Socrates and 3 Ancient Mystery Schools on Plato, His Future Theories of the Soul and Spirit, and System of Soul-Centred Education as Portrayed in His Republic with Educational Implications for Today.
Stewart Goetz (2011). A Brief History of the Soul. Wiley-Blackwell.
Teun Tieleman (1998). Plotinus on the Seat of the Soul: Reverberations of Galen and Alexander in "Enn." IV, 3 , 23. Phronesis 43 (4):306 - 325.
Hsei-Yung Hsu, Just State and Just Man : A Dialogue Between Plato and Confucius. PhD Thesis, University of Glasgow.
A. W. Price (2009). Are Plato's Soul-Parts Psychological Subjects? Ancient Philosophy 29 (1):1-15.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads21 ( #80,045 of 1,098,887 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #57,750 of 1,098,887 )
How can I increase my downloads?