David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Continental Philosophy Review 33 (1):43-58 (2000)
The concept of death is of special importance in Schopenhauer''s metaphysics of appearance and Will. Death for Schopenhauer is the aim and purpose of life, that toward which life is directed, and the denial of the individual will to life. Despite his profound pessimism, Schopenhauer vehemently rejects suicide as an unworthy affirmation of the will to life by those who seek to escape rather than seek nondiscursive knowledge of Will in suffering. The only manner of self-destruction Schopenhauer finds philosophically acceptable is the ascetic saint''s death by starvation. Here the individual will to life is so completely mastered as to refuse even the most basic desire for nourishment, and thereby passes into nonexistence in complete renunciation of the individual will. Schopenhauer''s attitude toward suicide nevertheless embodies an inconsistency. If, as Schopenhauer believes, the aim of life is death, and death is an unreal aspect of the world as appearance, then there appears to be no justification why the philosopher should not rush headlong into it - not to affirm the will to life in an abject effort to avoid suffering, but in order to fulfill life''s purpose by ending it for distinctly philosophical reasons immediately upon arriving at an understanding of the appearance-reality distinction.
|Keywords||Philosophy Phenomenology Philosophy of Man Political Philosophy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Dennis Vanden Auweele (2015). Schopenhauer on Religious Pessimism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (1):53-71.
Similar books and articles
Arthur Schopenhauer (1942). Complete Essays of Schopenhauer. New York, Willey Book Company.
Bart Vandenabeele (2011). Schopenhauer on Sense Perception and Aesthetic Cognition. Journal of Aesthetic Education 45 (1):37-57.
Julian Young (2005). Schopenhauer. Routledge.
Matthias Kossler (2009). Life is but a Mirror: On the Connection Between Ethics, Metaphysics and Character in Schopenhauer. In Alex Neill & Christopher Janaway (eds.), Better Consciousness: Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Value. Wiley-Blackwell
Richard White (2010). Schopenhauer and Indian Philosophy. International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (1):57-76.
Arthur Schopenhauer (1988). Manuscript Remains in Four Volumes. Distributed Exclusively in the Us and Canda by St. Martin's Press.
David Benatar (ed.) (2009). Life, Death, and Meaning: Key Philosophical Readings on the Big Questions. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc..
Arthur Schopenhauer (1903). Suffering, Suicide, and Immortality: Eight Essays From the Parerga. Dover Publications, Inc..
Robert Wicks (2008). Schopenhauer. Blackwell Pub..
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads110 ( #37,461 of 1,934,581 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #66,282 of 1,934,581 )
How can I increase my downloads?