Setting the facts straight

Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (1):33-54 (2011)
Abstract
Substantial facts (or states of affairs ) are not well-understood entities. Many philosophers object to their existence on this basis. Yet facts, if they can be understood, promise to do a lot of philosophical work: they can be used to construct theories of property possession and truthmaking, for example. Here, I give a formal theory of facts, including negative and logically complex facts. I provide a theory of reduction similar to that of the typed λ -calculus and use it to provide identity conditions for facts. This theory validates truthmaker maximalism : it provides truthmakers for all truths. I then show how the usual truth-in-a-model relation can be replaced by two relations: one between models and facts, saying that a given fact obtains relative to the model, and the other between facts and propositions: the truthmaking relation
Keywords Facts  States of affairs  Ontology  Negative facts  Properties  Truthmaking   λ-calculus  Reduction
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References found in this work BETA
H. P. Barendregt (1984). The Lambda Calculus: Its Syntax and Semantics. Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..
JC Beall (2000). On Truthmakers for Negative Truths. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):264 – 268.

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