David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):317-334 (2013)
For deductive reasoning to be justified, it must be guaranteed to preserve truth from premises to conclusion; and for it to be useful to us, it must be capable of informing us of something. How can we capture this notion of information content, whilst respecting the fact that the content of the premises, if true, already secures the truth of the conclusion? This is the problem I address here. I begin by considering and rejecting several accounts of informational content. I then develop an account on which informational contents are indeterminate in their membership. This allows there to be cases in which it is indeterminate whether a given deduction is informative. Nevertheless, on the picture I present, there are determinate cases of informative (and determinate cases of uninformative) inferences. I argue that the model I offer is the best way for an account of content to respect the meaning of the logical constants and the inference rules associated with them without collapsing into a classical picture of content, unable to account for informative deductive inferences.
|Keywords||Content Information Deduction Inference Epistemic scenarios|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Graham Priest (2006). In Contradiction: A Study of the Transconsistent. Oxford University Press.
David K. Lewis (1986/2001). On the Plurality of Worlds. Blackwell Publishers.
Michael A. E. Dummett (1978). Truth and Other Enigmas. Harvard University Press.
Jaakko Hintikka (1962). Knowledge and Belief. Ithaca, N.Y.,Cornell University Press.
Graham Priest (2008). An Introduction to Non-Classical Logic: From If to Is. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Mark Jago (2013). Impossible Worlds. Noûs 47 (3):713-728.
Mark Jago (2015). Hyperintensional Propositions. Synthese 192 (3):585-601.
Mark Jago (2013). The Problem of Rational Knowledge. Erkenntnis (S6):1-18.
Similar books and articles
Marie Duží (2010). The Paradox of Inference and the Non-Triviality of Analytic Information. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (5):473 - 510.
John Dilworth (2007). Representationalism and Indeterminate Perceptual Content. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (3):369-387.
Kam-Yuen Cheng (2002). Narrow Content and Historical Accounts: Can Fodor Live Without Them? Journal of Philosophical Research 27:101-113.
Mark Jago (2009). Logical Information and Epistemic Space. Synthese 167 (2):327 - 341.
Radu J. Bogdan (1987). Mind, Content and Information. Synthese 70 (February):205-227.
Patrick Allo & Edwin Mares (2012). Informational Semantics as a Third Alternative? Erkenntnis 77 (2):167-185.
Frank Hofmann (2001). The Reference of de Re Representations. Grazer Philosophische Studien 62 (1):83-101.
Brian Skyrms (2010). The Flow of Information in Signaling Games. Philosophical Studies 147 (1):155 - 165.
Dennis Schulting (2012). Kant, Non-Conceptual Content, and the 'Second Step' of the B-Deduction. Kant Studies Online:51-92.
Olav Gjelsvik (1991). Dretske on Knowledge and Content. Synthese 86 (March):425-41.
William S. Larkin (2000). Content Skepticism. Southwest Philosophy Review 18 (1):33-43.
Jose Saguillo (2009). Methodological Practice and Complementary Concepts of Logical Consequence: Tarski's Model-Theoretic Consequence and Corcoran's Information-Theoretic Consequence. History and Philosophy of Logic 30 (1):21-48.
Brian Loar (1988). Social Content and Psychological Content. In Robert H. Grimm & D. D. Merrill (eds.), Contents of Thought. University of Arizona Press
Ingo Brigandt (2010). Scientific Reasoning Is Material Inference: Combining Confirmation, Discovery, and Explanation. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):31-43.
Added to index2011-11-06
Total downloads507 ( #1,966 of 1,796,170 )
Recent downloads (6 months)126 ( #2,036 of 1,796,170 )
How can I increase my downloads?