Graduate studies at Western
Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):2-6 (2009)
|Abstract||Background: The intentions of clinicians are widely considered to be relevant to the ethical assessment of their actions. A better understanding of the psychological factors that influence the ascription of intentions in clinical practice is important for improving the self-understanding of clinical decision-making and, ultimately, the ethics of clinical care. Drawing on empirical research on intentionality that has been done in other contexts, this is the first study to test whether the “asymmetric effect” of intention ascription is exhibited by respondents when presented with clinical decision-making scenarios. Objective: To assess how individuals attribute intentions to clinical actors in clinical decision-making scenarios. Methods: A total of 149 first and second year medical students was randomly assigned to two groups (group A, group B). Subjects in each group read two scenarios and submitted anonymous responses to questions regarding each scenario. Results: The asymmetric effect was strongly exhibited by the responses given to scenario 2, but it was not exhibited by the responses given to scenario 1. Conclusion: The present study provided evidence for the view that people’s ascription of intentions to others is influenced by their previous evaluative judgement of the conduct in question|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Sarah K. Paul (2012). How We Know What We Intend. Philosophical Studies 161 (2):327-346.
Stephen G. Pauker (1984). Decision Analysis as a Basis for Medical Decision Making: The Tree of Hippocrates. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (2):181-214.
Baruch A. Brody (1988). Life and Death Decision Making. Oxford University Press.
Joseph G. P. Paolillo & Scott J. Vitell (2002). An Empirical Investigation of the Influence of Selected Personal, Organizational and Moral Intensity Factors on Ethical Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 35 (1):65 - 74.
Rivka Grundstein-Amado (1991). An Integrative Model of Clinical-Ethical Decision Making. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (2).
Alan Schwartz (2008). Medical Decision Making: A Physician's Guide. Cambridge University Press.
Richard A. Wright (1991). Clinical Judgment and Bioethics: The Decision Making Link. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (1):71-91.
Donnie J. Self & Joy D. Skeel (1991). A Study of the Foundations of Ethical Decision Making of Clinical Medical Ethicists. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (2).
Richard M. Zaner (1993). Voices and Time: The Venture of Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (1):9-31.
Henrik R. Wulff (1995). The Inherent Paternalism in Clinical Practice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (3):299-311.
Kathryn Montgomery (2006). How Doctors Think: Clinical Judgment and the Practice of Medicine. Oxford University Press.
Reidar K. Lie (1984). The Use of Interval Estimators as a Basis for Decision-Making in Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (3).
Jacqueline J. Glover, David T. Ozar & David C. Thomasma (1986). Teaching Ethics on Rounds: The Ethicist as Teacher, Consultant, and Decision-Maker. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (1).
Germund Hesslow (1993). Do We Need a Concept of Disease? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).
Added to index2010-09-13
Total downloads2 ( #247,687 of 754,244 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?