David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Acta Analytica 23 (1):45-54 (2008)
The purpose of this paper is to refute the widespread view that challenging a knowledge-claim always raises the original standards of justification–a view often associated with contextualism. To that purpose the distinction between undermining and overriding defeaters will be used. Three kinds of challenges will be considered that differ in their degree of specification. In all three kinds of challenges, the rising standards of justification model fails to capture the dialectic of justification in the case of undermining defeaters. At the end, the skeptical challenge will more briefly be given a similar analysis.
|Keywords||Justification Contextualism Overriding and undermining defeaters Skepticism|
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Jason Stanley (2005). Knowledge and Practical Interests. Oxford University Press.
John McDowell (1994). Mind and World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
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Keith DeRose (1995). Solving the Skeptical Problem. Philosophical Review 104 (1):1-52.
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