The theory of the organism-environment system: III. Role of efferent influences on receptors in the formation of knowledge
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Explorations 34:90-100 (1999)
The present article is an attempt to give - in the frame of the theory of the organism - environment system - a new interpretation to the role of efferent influences on receptor activity and to the functions of senses in the formation of knowledge. It is argued, on the basis of experimental evidence and theoretical considerations, that the senses are not transmitters of environmental information, but they create a direct connection between the organism and the environment, which makes the development of a dynamic living system, the organism - environment system, possible. In this connection process the efferent influences on receptor activity are of particular significance, because with their help the receptors may be adjusted in relation to the parts of the environment which are most important in the achievement of behavioral results. Perception is the process of joining of new parts of the environment to the organism - environment system ; thus, the formation of knowledge by perception is based on reorganization of the organism - environment system, and not on transmission of information from the environment. With the help of the efferent influences on receptors each organism creates its own peculiar world which is simultaneously subjective and objective. The present considerations have far reaching influences as well on experimental work in neurophysiology and psychology of perception as on philosophical considerations of knowledge formation.
|Keywords||Systemic psychology Theory of the organism-environment system Knowledge Efferent influences Receptors|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
M. Mossio & D. Taraborelli (2008). Action-Dependent Perceptual Invariants: From Ecological to Sensorimotor Approaches. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1324-1340.
Similar books and articles
Marshall Abrams (2007). Fitness and Propensity's Annulment? Biology and Philosophy 22 (1):115-130.
Timo Jarvilehto, The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: II. Significance of Nervous Activity in the Organism-Environment System.
Timo Jarvilehto (2000). Feeling as Knowing--Part I: Emotion as Reorganization of the Organism-Environment System. Consciousness and Emotion 1 (2):245-257.
Timo Järvilehto (2001). Feeling as Knowing--Part II: Emotion, Consciousness and Brain Activity. Consciousness and Emotion. Special Issue 2 (1):75-102.
Timo Jarvilehto (2000). The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: IV. The Problem of Mental Activity and Consciousness. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 35 (1):35-57.
Daniel K. Palmer (2004). On the Organism-Environment Distinction in Psychology. Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):317 - 347.
José-Leonel Torres & Lynn Trainor (2008). On Organism: Environment Buffers and Their Ecological Significance. Biology and Philosophy 23 (3):403-416.
Trevor Pearce (2010). From 'Circumstances' to 'Environment': Herbert Spencer and the Origins of the Idea of Organism–Environment Interaction. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (3):241-252.
Timo Järvilehto (2001). Some Background and Further Theoretical Consequences of the Organism-Environment Approach: A Reply to the Commentary by Panksepp. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (2):311-319.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads61 ( #69,438 of 1,796,357 )
Recent downloads (6 months)39 ( #21,810 of 1,796,357 )
How can I increase my downloads?