David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dissertation, Victoria University of Wellington (2003)
I show how archaeologists have two problems. The construction of scenarios accounting for the raw data of Archaeology, the material remains of the past, and the explanation of pre-history. Within Archaeology, there has been an ongoing debate about how to constrain speculation within both of these archaeological projects, and archaeologists have consistently looked to biological mechanisms for constraints. I demonstrate the problems of using biology, either as an analogy for cultural processes or through direct application of biological principles to material remains. This is done through setting out the requirements of a Darwinian Archaeology, and then measuring various approaches against these requirements. This approach leads to the conclusion that archaeologist's explanations of the past must include within their formulations an account of human cognitive capacities within their explanatory framework. The limits of our understanding of the human past will be the limits of our understanding of Homo sapiens.
|Keywords||Philosophy of Archaeology Philosophy of Biology Philosophy of the Social Sciences|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Matthew Johnson (1999). Archaeological Theory: An Introduction. Blackwell Publishers.
Valerie Pinsky & Alison Wylie (eds.) (1989). Critical Traditions in Contemporary Archaeology: Essays in the Philosophy, History, and Socio-Politics of Archaeology. Cambridge University Press.
Gavin Lucas (2012). Understanding the Archaeological Record. Cambridge University Press.
Ben Jeffares (2002). The Explanatory Limits of Cognitive Archaeology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):410-412.
Claire Smith & Hans Martin Wobst (eds.) (2005). Indigenous Archaeologies: Decolonizing Theory and Practice. Routledge.
William H. Krieger (2012). Theory, Locality, and Methodology in Archaeology: Just Add Water? Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (2):243-257.
Alex Rosenberg (2005). Lessons From Biology for Philosophy of the Human Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (1):3-19.
Julian Thomas (ed.) (2000). Interpretive Archaeology: A Reader. Leicester University Press.
Michael Shanks (1987). Re-Constructing Archaeology: Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press.
Andrew Jones (2002). Archaeological Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press.
J. L. Bintliff & C. F. Gaffney (eds.) (1986). Archaeology at the Interface: Studies in Archaeology's Relationships with History, Geography, Biology, and Physical Science. B.A.R..
Added to index2011-04-25
Total downloads104 ( #17,157 of 1,699,702 )
Recent downloads (6 months)14 ( #47,237 of 1,699,702 )
How can I increase my downloads?