David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):54-63 (2006)
We examined whether midazolam impairs short-term/working memory processes. We hypothesize that prior dissociations in midazolam’s effects on short-term/working memory tasks and episodic memory tasks arise because midazolam has a larger effect on episodic memory processes than on short-term/working memory processes. To examine these issues, .03 mg/kg of participant’s bodyweight of midazolam was administered in a double-blind placebo-controlled within-participant design. Performance on the digit span and category generation/recall tasks was examined. The results of Experiment 1 demonstrated that: midazolam impaired performance on the digit span task; midazolam did not impair performance on the category generation task; midazolam impaired performance on the category recall task; and midazolam’s effect on category recall was four times as large as its effect on digit span. The results of Experiment 2 demonstrated that midazolam did not impair digit span performance when the digit span task was administered at a later time. These results suggest that midazolam can impair short-term/working memory processes, but these effects are substantially smaller than midazolam’s effect on episodic memory processes. Moreover, they demonstrate that conscious awareness of materials during study is not sufficient to produce episodic memory
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Elliot Hirshman, Anthony Passannante & Jason Arndt (2001). Midazolam Amnesia and Conceptual Processing in Implicit Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (3):453.
Akira Miyake (2001). Individual Differences in Working Memory: Introduction to the Special Section. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):163.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Stephen Grossberg (2003). From Working Memory to Long-Term Memory and Back: Linked but Distinct. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-738.
Bill Faw (2003). Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
Rosaleen A. McCarthy & E. K. Warrington (1999). Backtracking? Rehearsing and Replaying Some Old Arguments About Short-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):107-108.
Penelope Rowlatt (2009). Consciousness and Memory. Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (5):68-78.
Daniel S. Ruchkin, Jordan Grafman, Katherine Cameron & Rita S. Berndt (2003). Working Memory Retention Systems: A State of Activated Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):709-728.
Jackie Andrade (2001). The Contribution of Working Memory to Conscious Experience. In Working Memory in Perspective. Psychology Press 60-78.
Frank Rösler & Martin Heil (2003). Working Memory as a State of Activated Long-Term Memory: A Plausible Theory, but Other Data Provide More Compelling Evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):754-755.
Wolfgang Klimesch & Bärbel Schack (2003). Activation of Long-Term Memory by Alpha Oscillations in a Working-Memory Task? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):743-743.
Bernard J. Baars & Stan Franklin (2003). How Conscious Experience and Working Memory Interact. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):166-172.
Robert H. Logie & Sergio Della Sala (2003). Working Memory as a Mental Workspace: Why Activated Long-Term Memory is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):745-746.
Joaquín M. Fuster (2003). More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
Ran R. Hassin (2005). Nonconscious Control and Implicit Working Memory. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press 196-222.
Henry Markovits, Celine Doyon & Michael Simoneau (2002). Individual Differences in Working Memory and Conditional Reasoning with Concrete and Abstract Content. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (2):97 – 107.
Giuseppe Vallar (2003). The Short-Term/Long-Term Memory Distinction: Back to the Past? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):757-758.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads4 ( #621,040 of 1,926,202 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #453,420 of 1,926,202 )
How can I increase my downloads?