Genesis and development of a biomedical object: styles of thought, styles of work and the history of the sex steroids
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (3):525-543 (2004)
Many decades after the publication of Genesis and development of a scientific fact, Fleck’s collective Denkstil remains a very important notion for analyzing the history of the biological and medical sciences. Following Fleck’s perspective this paper argues that the history of the sex hormones was critically shaped by our representation of the sexes, and our perceptions of the division of reproductive labor. Emerging at the boundary between physiological laboratories and consultation room, a molecular/endocrine style of thought stabilized during the early decades of the twentieth century around the manipulation of sex hormones. This not only proved important in normalizing the sexual body, but also in defining sterility, menstrual disorders or menopause as pathological events to be treated ‘causally’.Analyzing the role played by industrial companies like the German firm Schering which produced these drugs, the paper suggests that the idea of a work style may be a convenient way to complement Fleck’s style of thought. First, the idea of work style is a reminder that science involves material action, which has strong links with industrial production. Second, it draws our attention to a deeply entrenched goal of the modern biosciences, the search for means to control the variability of the living, and standardize its uses
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Rony Armon (2012). Between Biochemists and Embryologists - The Biochemical Study of Embryonic Induction in the 1930s. Journal of the History of Biology 45 (1):65 - 108.
Barbara L. Marshall (2009). Rejuvenation's Return: Anti-Aging and Re-Masculinization in Biomedical Discourse on the 'Aging Male'. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 1 (3):249-265.
Similar books and articles
Mary Douglas (1996). Thought Styles: Critical Essays on Good Taste. Sage Publications.
Dominic Lopes (1992). Pictures, Styles and Purposes. British Journal of Aesthetics 32 (4):330-341.
William J. Rapaport (2011). How to Study: A Brief Guide. World Wide Web.
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2012). Interweaving Categories: Styles, Paradigms, and Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Part A 43 (4):628-639.
Jill W. Graham (1995). Leadership, Moral Development, and Citizenship Behavior. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (1):43-54.
Frank M. Oppenheim (2001). How Did William James and Josiah Royce Differ in Their Philosophical Temperaments and Styles? Journal of Philosophical Research 26:547-560.
Jean-Paul Gaudillière (2005). Better Prepared Than Synthesized: Adolf Butenandt, Schering Ag and the Transformation of Sex Steroids Into Drugs (1930–1946). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (4):612-644.
Conor O'Leary & Jenny Stewart (2013). The Interaction of Learning Styles and Teaching Methodologies in Accounting Ethical Instruction. Journal of Business Ethics 113 (2):225-241.
John Wettersten (1995). Styles of Rationality. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (1):69-98.
A. Rupert Hall (1995). A. C. Crombie Styles of Scientific Thinking in the European Tradition. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (2):409 – 419.
Emma J. Stafford (2002). STYLES IN SCULPTURE B. S. Ridgway: Fourth-Century Styles in Greek Sculpture . Pp. Xviii + 399, 86 Pls. London: Duckworth, 1997. Cased, £45. ISBN: 0-7156-2784-8. O. Palagia, J. J. Pollitt (Edd.): Personal Styles in Greek Sculpture . (Yale Classical Studies XXX.) Pp. Xi + 187, 130 Ills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Paper, £13.95. ISBN: 0-521-65738-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 52 (01):109-.
Norman Gulley (1969). Plato's Styles Holger Thesleff: Studies in the Styles of Plato. (Acta Philosophica Fennica, Fasc. Xx.) Pp. 192. Helsinki: Akateeminen Kirjakauppa, 1967. Paper, Mk.20. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 19 (01):41-42.
Renan Springer De Freitas & Ricardo Pietrobon (2007). Whoever Could Get Rid of the Context of Discovery/Context of Justification Dichotomy? A Proposal Based on Recent Developments in Clinical Research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (1):25 – 42.
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2005). An Obstacle to Unification in Biological Social Science: Formal and Compositional Styles of Science. Graduate Journal of Social Science 2 (2):40-100.
Mieke Boon (2011). Two Styles of Reasoning in Scientific Practices: Experimental and Mathematical Traditions. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (3):255 - 278.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads7 ( #204,162 of 1,413,402 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,345 of 1,413,402 )
How can I increase my downloads?