The tacit–explicit connection: Polanyian integrative philosophy and a neo-polanyian medical epistemology

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (6):547-568 (1998)
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to introduce an approach to clinical practice aiming to resolve the dilemma of choosing between a mechanistic and a phenomenological model. The approach is an extension of Polanyi's epistemology. Michael Polanyi (1891–1976), devised an epistemology of science which overcomes the problem of detachment, inherent in the mechanistic approach, and resolves the problem of subjectivity troubling phenomenologists. His epistemology is known as Personal Knowledge. An extension of this epistemology, a Neo-Polanyian proposal, is offered as a more successful model for clinical practice than previous suggestions addressing the dilemma.
Keywords tacit knowing  Gestalt Model  integration  Action-Guiding Model  meaning  Semiotic Model  Intellectual Passion and heuristic striving  two poles of knowledge  Integrative Philosophy  ‘from-to’ and ‘from-at’
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