David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (2):239 – 262 (2007)
In this article, I argue that there are moral reasons to embrace the construction of self-designing and sex/gender-neutral cyborg athletes. In fact, with the prospect of advanced genetic and cyborg technology, we may face a future where sport (as we know it) occurs in its purest form; that is, where athletes get evaluated by athletic performance only and not by their gender, and where it becomes impossible to discriminate athletes based on their body constitution and gender identity. The gender constructions within sports and sports culture are solid, however. Here, I argue that the rough distinctions we use to define people in terms of sex/gender tend to create and recreate old-fashioned and discriminatory sex/gender-boundaries. A morally reasonable way of meeting this issue, is to say that the problem is not the individuals who (for one reason or another) transcend certain gender categories, but the categories in themselves
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References found in this work BETA
Gunnar Breivik (2005). 14 Sport, Gene Doping and Ethics. In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge 165.
Simona Giordano & John Harris (2005). 18 What is Gender Equality in Sports? In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge 209.
Andy Miah (2003). Be Very Afraid: Cyborg Athletes, Transhuman Ideals & Posthumanity. Journal of Evolution and Technology 13 (2).
Citations of this work BETA
Patrick Grüneberg (2012). From Therapy and Enhancement to Assistive Technologies: An Attempt to Clarify the Role of the Sports Physician. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (4):480-491.
Gunnar Breivik (2010). Philosophy of Sport in the Nordic Countries. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37 (2):194-214.
Michael Burke (2012). A Feminist Reconstruction of Liberal Rights and Sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 37 (1):11-28.
Sarah Teetzel (2014). The Onus of Inclusivity: Sport Policies and the Enforcement of the Women's Category in Sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (1):113-127.
Leon Culbertson (2009). Genetic Enhancement in the Dark. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (2):140-151.
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