How something can be said about telling more than we can know: On choice blindness and introspection
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):673-692 (2006)
The legacy of Nisbett and Wilson’s classic article, Telling More Than We Can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes , is mixed. It is perhaps the most cited article in the recent history of consciousness studies, yet no empirical research program currently exists that continues the work presented in the article. To remedy this, we have introduced an experimental paradigm we call choice blindness [Johansson, P., Hall, L., Sikström, S., & Olsson, A. . Failure to detect mismatches between intention and outcome in a simple decision task. Science, 310, 116–119.]. In the choice blindness paradigm participants fail to notice mismatches between their intended choice and the outcome they are presented with, while nevertheless offering introspectively derived reasons for why they chose the way they did. In this article, we use word-frequency and latent semantic analysis to investigate a corpus of introspective reports collected within the choice blindness paradigm. We contrast the introspective reasons given in non-manipulated vs. manipulated trials, but find very few differences between these two groups of reports
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Introspection Choice Behavior|
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Citations of this work BETA
L. Hall, P. Johansson, B. Tärning, S. Sikström & T. Deutgen (2010). Magic at the Marketplace: Choice Blindness for the Taste of Jam and the Smell of Tea. Cognition 117 (1):54-61.
Tom Froese (2013). Interactively Guided Introspection is Getting Science Closer to an Effective Consciousness Meter. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):672-676.
Petter Johansson, Lars Hall & Peter Gärdenfors (2011). Choice Blindness and the Non-Unitary Nature of the Human Mind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):28-29.
Claire Petitmengin, Anne Remillieux, Béatrice Cahour & Shirley Carter-Thomas (2013). A Gap in Nisbett and Wilson's Findings? A First-Person Access to Our Cognitive Processes. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):654-669.
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