David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Neuropsychologia. Special Issue 43 (2):227-237 (2005)
The control of action has traditionally been described as "automatic". In particular, movement control may occur without conscious awareness, in contrast to normal visual perception. Studies on rapid visuomotor adjustment of reaching movements following a target shift have played a large part in introducing such distinctions. We suggest that previous studies of the relation between motor performance and perceptual awareness have confounded two separate dissociations. These are: (a) the distinction between motoric and perceptual representations, and (b) an orthogonal distinction between conscious and unconscious processes. To articulate these differences more clearly, we propose a new measure of motor awareness, based on subjects' ability to reproduce the spatial details of reaching movements they have just made. Here we focus on the dissociation between motor awareness and perceptual awareness that may occur when subjects make rapid visuomotor adjustments to reaching movements following a target shift. In experiment 1, motor awareness was dissociated from perceptual awareness of a target shift during reaching movement. Participants' reproduction of movement endpoints following visuomotor adjustment was independent of whether they saw the target shift or not. Experiment 2 replicated this result, and further showed that neither motor awareness nor motor performance were disrupted by TMS over the parietal cortex. The neural mechanisms underlying motor awareness, and the implications for theories of consciousness, are discussed.
|Keywords||*Awareness *Motor Processes *Parietal Lobe *Perceptual Motor Coordination *Perceptual Motor Processes|
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Carl Gabbard, Alberto Cordova & Sunghan Lee (2009). A Question of Intention in Motor Imagery. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):300-305.
Y. Coello & Y. DelevoYeturrell (2007). Embodiment, Spatial Categorisation and Action. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):667-683.
Wieske van Zoest & Mieke Donk (2010). Awareness of the Saccade Goal in Oculomotor Selection: Your Eyes Go Before You Know. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):861-871.
Bruno Berberian, Stephanie Chambaron-Ginhac & Axel Cleeremans (2010). Action Blindness in Response to Gradual Changes. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):152-171.
Carl Gabbard & Priscila Caçola (2014). Examining Intention in Simulated Actions: Are Children and Young Adults Different? Consciousness and Cognition 29:171-177.
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