David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):399-409 (2011)
In this paper, I examine William Whewell’s (1794–1866) ‘Discoverer’s Induction’, and argue that it 21 supplies a strikingly accurate characterization of the logic behind many statistical methods, exploratory 22 data analysis (EDA) in particular. Such methods are additionally well-suited as a point of evaluation of 23 Whewell’s philosophy since the central techniques of EDA were not invented until after Whewell’s death, 24 and so couldn’t have inﬂuenced his views. The fact that the quantitative details of some very general 25 methods designed to suggest hypotheses would so closely resemble Whewell’s views of how theories 26 are formed is, I suggest, a strongly positive comment on these views.
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References found in this work BETA
Frank Arntzenius, Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Gerd Buchdahl (1971). Inductivist Versus Deductivist Approaches in the Philosophy of Science as Illustrated by Some Controversies Between Whewell and Mill. The Monist 55 (3):343-367.
Menachem Fisch (1991). A Philosopher's Coming of Age: A Study in Erotetic Intellectual History. In Menachem Fisch & Simon Schaffer (eds.), William Whewell: A Composite Portrait. Clarendon Press. 31--66.
Menachem Fisch (1985). Whewell's Consilience of Inductions--An Evaluation. Philosophy of Science 52 (2):239-255.
Malcolm Forster (1988). Unification, Explanation, and the Composition of Causes in Newtonian Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 19 (1):55-101.
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