David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Husserl Studies 28 (3):179-200 (2012)
This article explores emotions and their relationship to ‘somatic responses’, i.e., one’s automatic responses to sensations of pain, cold, warmth, sudden intensity. To this end, it undertakes a Husserlian phenomenological analysis of the first-hand experience of eight basic emotions, briefly exploring their essential aspects: their holistic nature, their identifying dynamic transformation of the lived body, their two-layered intentionality, their involuntary initiation and voluntary espousal. The fact that the involuntary tensional shifts initiating emotions are irreplicatable voluntarily, is taken to show that all emotions have an innate core, a conclusion corroborated by their strong similarities to somatic responses in dynamics, hedonic tone, and topology. The fact that emotions may be culturally reworked, is shown to be explicable in terms of their complex nature: their dependence on belief, their voluntary espousal, and their ready social transmittability. Finally, it is argued that emotions may plausibly be deemed the evolutionary descendants of somatic responses.
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References found in this work BETA
Jesse J. Prinz (2004). Gut Reactions: A Perceptual Theory of the Emotions. Oxford University Press.
Evan Thompson (2007). Mind in Life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind. Harvard University Press.
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Clifford Geertz (1973). Thick Description: Towards an Interpretive Theory of Culture. In The Interpretation of Cultures. Basic Books
Peter Goldie (2000/2002). The Emotions: A Philosophical Exploration. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Maren Wehrle (2015). “Feelings as the Motor of Perception”? The Essential Role of Interest for Intentionality. Husserl Studies 31 (1):45-64.
Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2015). Embodiment on Trial: A Phenomenological Investigation. Continental Philosophy Review 48 (1):23-39.
Maxine Sheets-Johnstone (2014). Animation: Analyses, Elaborations, and Implications. Husserl Studies 30 (3):247-268.
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