David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):353 - 372 (2007)
Commonsense moral thought holds that what makes terrorism particularly abhorrent is the fact that it tends to be directed toward innocent victims. Yet contemporary philosophers tend to doubt that the concept of innocence plays any significant role here, and to deny that prohibitions against targeting noncombatants can be justified through appeal to their moral innocence. I argue, however, that the arguments used to support these doubts are ultimately unsuccessful. Indeed, the philosophical positions in question tend to misunderstand the justification of both the prohibition against targeting noncombatants, and that of the permission to attack combatants, for which the paper offers a new account. Such misunderstandings make it all too easy to justify both terrorist actions and morally objectionable actions on the part of nations at war. Taking proper account of the role of innocence in the context of armed conflict will alter our ordinary ways of thinking about the ethics of war, with respect to both jus in bello and jus ad bellum.
|Keywords||collective responsibility Fullinwider, Robert individualism innocence Mavrodes, George noncombatant immunity proportionality Primoratz, Igor responsibility terrorism war|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alan S. Rosenbaum (2003). On Terrorism and the Just War. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (2):173-196.
Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2004). Terrorism, Self-Defense, and the Killing of the Innocent. Social Philosophy Today 20:41-52.
Jeff McMahan (2004). The Ethics of Killing in War. Ethics 114 (4):693-733.
Virginia Held (2004). Terrorism and War. Journal of Ethics 8 (1):59-75.
Gabriel Palmer-Fernández (2000). Innocence in War. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (2):161-174.
Jeff McMahan (2010). Pacifism and Moral Theory. Diametros 23:44-68.
Anne Schwenkenbecher (2009). Terrorism, Supreme Emergency and Killing the Innocent. Perspectives - The Review of International Affairs 17 (1):105-126.
Helen Frowe (2012). Self-Defence and the Principle of Non-Combatant Immunity. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (4):530-546.
Christopher H. Toner (2004). Just War and Graduated Discrimination. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (4):649-665.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads48 ( #38,405 of 1,139,847 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #96,101 of 1,139,847 )
How can I increase my downloads?