David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theory and Decision 50 (1):59-99 (2001)
An experiment is reported which tests for positive confirmation bias in a setting in which individuals choose what information to buy, prior to making a decision. The design – an adaptation of Wason's selection task – reveals the use that subjects make of information after buying it. Strong evidence of positive confirmation bias, in both information acquisition and information use, is found; and this bias is found to be robust to experience. It is suggested that the bias results from a pattern of reasoning which, although producing sub-optimal decisions, is internally coherent and which is self-reinforcing
|Keywords||Positive confirmation bias Selection task Information acquisition|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Dan Sperber (2011). Why Do Humans Reason? Arguments for an Argumentative Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):57.
Luca Tummolini, Giulia Andrighetto, Cristiano Castelfranchi & Rosaria Conte (2013). A Convention or (Tacit) Agreement Betwixt Us: On Reliance and its Normative Consequences. Synthese 190 (4):585-618.
Similar books and articles
Hiroshi Yama (2001). Matching Versus Optimal Data Selection in the Wason Selection Task. Thinking and Reasoning 7 (3):295 – 311.
Joseph L. Austerweil & Thomas L. Griffiths (2011). Seeking Confirmation Is Rational for Deterministic Hypotheses. Cognitive Science 35 (3):499-526.
Lea-Rachel D. Kosnik (2007). Refusing to Budge: A Confirmatory Bias in Decision Making? Mind and Society 7 (2):193-214.
Hugo Mercier (2011). When Experts Argue: Explaining the Best and the Worst of Reasoning. [REVIEW] Argumentation 25 (3):313-327.
Christopher R. Wolfe & M. Anne Britt (2008). The Locus of the Myside Bias in Written Argumentation. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (1):1 – 27.
M. Anne Britt & Christopher R. Wolfe (2008). The Locus of the Myside Bias in Written Argumentation. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (1):1-27.
Anna Harvey & Michael J. Woodruff, Confirmation Bias in the United States Supreme Court Judicial Database.
Dirk C. Moosmayer (2012). Negativity Bias in Consumer Price Response to Ethical Information. Business Ethics 21 (2):198-208.
Darrell P. Rowbottom (forthcoming). Information Versus Knowledge in Confirmation Theory. Logique Et Analyse.
Christoph Stahl, Karl Christoph Klauer & Edgar Erdfelder (2008). Matching Bias in the Selection Task is Not Eliminated by Explicit Negations. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):281 – 303.
Edgar Erdfelder, Karl Christoph Klauer & Christoph Stahl (2008). Matching Bias in the Selection Task is Not Eliminated by Explicit Negations. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):281-303.
Carole J. Lee, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Guo Zhang & Blaise Cronin (2013). Bias in Peer Review. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 64 (1):2-17.
Stephan Verschoor & Szilvia Biro (2011). Primacy of Information About Means Selection Over Outcome Selection in Goal Attribution by Infants. Cognitive Science 36 (4):714-725.
James Friedrich (2004). The “Bias” Bias in Social Psychology: Adaptive When and How? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):335-336.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads13 ( #113,877 of 1,096,442 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #134,922 of 1,096,442 )
How can I increase my downloads?