David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (4):237-242 (1998)
The possible symmetry between the concepts of brain death and brain birth (life) is explored. Since the symmetry argument has tended to overlook the most appropriate definition of brain death, the fundamental concepts of whole brain death and higher brain death are assessed. In this way, a context is provided for a discussion of brain birth. Different writers have placed brain birth at numerous points: 25-40 days, eight weeks, 22-24 weeks, and 32-36 weeks gestation. For others, the concept itself is open to question. Apart from this, it needs to be asked whether a unitary concept is an oversimplification. The merits of defining two stages of brain birth, to parallel the two definitions of brain death, are discussed. An attempt is then made to map these various stages of brain birth and brain death onto a developmental continuum. Although the results hold biological interest, their ethical significance is less evident. Development and degeneration are not interchangeable, and definitions of death apply specifically to those who are dying, not those who are developing. I conclude that while a dual concept of brain death has proved helpful, a dual concept of brain birth still has problems, and the underlying concept of brain birth itself continues to be elusive
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ari Joffe (2010). Are Recent Defences of the Brain Death Concept Adequate? Bioethics 24 (2):47-53.
Winston Chiong (2005). Brain Death Without Definitions. Hastings Center Report 35 (6):20-30.
Mike Nair-Collins (2010). Death, Brain Death, and the Limits of Science: Why the Whole-Brain Concept of Death Is a Flawed Public Policy. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):667-683.
Masahiro Morioka (2001). Reconsidering Brain Death: A Lesson From Japan's Fifteen Years of Experience. Hastings Center Report 31 (4):41-46.
Ronald E. Cranford & Barbara Killpatrick (1981). Tests in the Diagnosis of Brain Death: The Role of the Radioisotope Brain Scan. Bioethics Quarterly 3:67-72.
Douglas N. Walton (1981). Epistemology of Brain Death Determination. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):259-274.
Masahiro Morioka (1995). Bioethics and Japanese Culture: Brain Death, Patients' Rights, and Cultural Factors. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 5 (4):87-90.
Robert J. Wilkus (1980). The EEG as Confirmatory Evidence of Brain Death: Previous and Current Approaches. [REVIEW] Bioethics Quarterly 2 (1):39-45.
Kazumasa Hoshino (1993). Legal Status of Brain Death in Japan: Why Many Japanese Do Not Accept "Brain Death" as a Definition of Death. Bioethics 7 (2-3):234-238.
Ronald E. Cranford & Barbara K. Patrick (1981). Confirmatory Tests in the Diagnosis of Brain Death: The Role of the Radioisotope Brain Scan. [REVIEW] Bioethics Quarterly 3 (2):67-72.
Kevin McGovern (2009). Brain Death and the US President's Council on Bioethics. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 14 (4):9.
Tom Tomlinson (1984). The Conservative Use of the Brain-Death Criterion – a Critique. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (4):377-394.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2010-09-13
Total downloads4 ( #281,042 of 1,413,400 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,345 of 1,413,400 )
How can I increase my downloads?