David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):63-75 (2001)
Biomedicine is a global enterprise constructed upon the belief in the universality of scientific truths. However, despite huge scientific advances over recent decades it has not been able to formulate a specific and universal definition of death: In fact, in its attempt to redefine death, the concept of death appears to have become immersed in ever increasing vagueness and ambiguity. Even more worrisome is that bioethics, in the form of principlism, is also endeavouring to become a global enterprise by claiming neutrality. It appears that the discourse within both disciplines have similarly manipulated the boundaries of death to include the “dying”. This paper argues that the redefinition of death debate in biomedicine reveals a concept of personhood which is profoundly western in origin and which is in accordance to the concept adhered to within principlism. Biomedicine and bioethics do not appear to acknowledge the limitations of their own world view and hence lack an understanding of their applicability and appropriateness in diverse social and cultural contexts; a situation which adds credence to claims as to the hegemonic and imperialistic nature of all such global enterprises.
|Keywords||death bioethics biomedicine personhood human organ transplantation|
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References found in this work BETA
George J. Annas (1988). Brain Death and Organ Donation: You Can Have One Without the Other. Hastings Center Report 18 (3):28-30.
E. T. Bartlett (1995). Differences Between Death and Dying. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):270-276.
Tom L. Beauchamp (2009). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Carl Becker (1999). Money Talks, Money Kills? - The Economics of Transplantation in Japan and China. Bioethics 13 (3-4):227-235.
Alastair V. Campbell (1999). Presidential Address: Global Bioethics - Dream or Nightmare. Bioethics 13 (3-4):183-190.
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