David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Human Studies 19 (2):153-73 (1996)
This paper argues that cognitive psychology's practice of explaining mental processes in terms which avoid invoking phenomenology, and the person-level self-conception with which it is associated in common sense psychology, leads to a hybrid Cartesian dualism. Because phenomenology is considered to be fundamentally irrelevant in any scientific explanation of the mind, the person-level is regarded as scientifically invisible: it is a ghost-like housing for sub-personal computational cognition. The problem of explaining how the sub-personal and sub-phenomenological machinery of mind is related to person-level experience is as troublesome for cognitive psychology as the problem Descartes faced in explaining how the ghost (the non-corporeal mind) is related to the machine (the material body).This paper outlines the historical roots of cognitive dualism, showing how it has come to recapitulate a number of puzzling conceptual dichotomies that have hindered scientific and philosophical psychology since Kantian constructivism. It then defends the view that cognitive psychology's commitment to the sub-personal explanatory level leads to exaggerated deflationary claims about the explanatory significance of phenomenology, and the personlevel framework. It is argued that phenomenological description must function as a constraint upon, and guide for, theory formation in cognitive psychology (as illustrated in the work of the cognitive neuro-psychologist A.R. Luria). Phenomenology must be brought into a kind of reflective equilibrium with the cognitive and neuro-sciences
|Keywords||Cognitive Psychology Mental Neural Phenomenology Science Luria, A|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Herbert A. Simon (1969). The Sciences of the Artificial. [Cambridge, M.I.T. Press.
Francisco Varela, Evan Thompson & Eleanor Rosch (1991). The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience. MIT Press.
Daniel C. Dennett (1978). Brainstorms. MIT Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Rocco Marchitelli (2010). Francisco Varela's View on Phenomenology in His Cognitive Interpretation. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (2):42-44.
John J. Drummond (2007). Phenomenology: Neither Auto- nor Hetero- Be. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (1-2):57-74.
Richard Rojcewicz (1987). Merleau-Ponty and Cognitive Child Psychology. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 18 (2):201-221.
Shoji Nagataki & Satoru Hirose (2007). Phenomenology and the Third Generation of Cognitive Science: Towards a Cognitive Phenomenology of the Body. [REVIEW] Human Studies 30 (3):219 - 232.
Martin J. Pickering & Nick Chater (1995). Why Cognitive Science is Not Formalized Folk Psychology. Minds and Machines 5 (3):309-337.
Morten Overgaard (2004). On the Naturalizing of Phenomenology. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (4):365-79.
Shaun Gallagher (1997). Mutual Enlightenment: Recent Phenomenology in Cognitive Science. Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (3):195-214.
Andrew Brook (2008). Phenomenology: Contribution to Cognitive Science. Abstracta SPECIAL ISSUE II, Pp. 54 – 70, 2008 (3):54-70.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads42 ( #86,137 of 1,780,199 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,056 of 1,780,199 )
How can I increase my downloads?