David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Minds and Machines 16 (1):29-41 (2006)
Both Putnam and Searle have argued that that every abstract automaton is realized by every physical system, a claim that leads to a reductio argument against Cognitivism or Strong AI: if it is possible for a computer to be conscious by virtue of realizing some abstract automaton, then by Putnam’s theorem every physical system also realizes that automaton, and so every physical system is conscious—a conclusion few supporters of Strong AI would be willing to accept. Dennett has suggested a criterion of reverse engineering for identifying “real patterns,” and I argue that this approach is also very effective at identifying “real realizations.” I focus on examples of real-world implementations of complex automata because previous attempts at answering Putnam’s challenge have been overly restrictive, ruling out some realizations that are in fact paradigmatic examples of practical automaton realization. I also argue that some previous approaches have at the same time been overly lenient in accepting counter-intuitive realizations of trivial automata. I argue that the reverse engineering approach avoids both of these flaws. Moreover, Dennett’s approach allows us to recognize that some realizations are better than others, and the line between real realizations and non-realizations is not sharp
|Keywords||Artificial Intelligence Automata Ethics Realization Dennett, Daniel Putnam, Hilary|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Bill Uzgalis (2006). Interview with Daniel Dennett Conducted by Bill Uzgalis in␣Boston, Massachusetts on December 29, 2004. Minds and Machines 16 (1):7-19.
William S. Wilkerson (1997). Real Patterns and Real Problems: Making Dennett Respectable on Patterns and Beliefs. Southern Journal of Philosophy 97 (4):557-70.
Norman Y. Foo & Pavlos Peppas (2001). Realization for Causal Nondeterministic Input-Output Systems. Studia Logica 67 (3):419-437.
Matthew Elton (2003). Daniel Dennett: Reconciling Science and Our Self-Conception. Distributed in the Usa by Blackwell Pub..
David J. Chalmers (1996). Does a Rock Implement Every Finite-State Automaton? Synthese 108 (3):309-33.
Susan Schneider (2007). Daniel Dennett on the Nature of Consciousness. In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. 313--24.
Joanna J. Bryson (2006). The Attentional Spotlight (Dennett and the Cog Project). Minds and Machines 16 (1):21-28.
Hilary Putnam & Ruth Anna Putnam (1998). The Real William James: Response to Robert Meyers. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 34 (2):366 - 381.
Charles E. Cardwell (1972). A Note on Putnam and the Transitivity of the Real. Philosophical Studies 23 (6):414 - 417.
Thomas W. Polger (2013). Realization and Multiple Realization, Chicken and Egg. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (1).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads47 ( #39,389 of 1,139,861 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #49,768 of 1,139,861 )
How can I increase my downloads?