Philosophical Studies 147 (1):139 - 154 (2010)
|Abstract||I argue that one central aspect of the epistemology of causation, the use of causes as evidence for their effects, is largely independent of the metaphysics of causation. In particular, I use the formalism of Bayesian causal graphs to factor the incremental evidential impact of a cause for its effect into a direct cause-to-effect component and a backtracking component. While the “backtracking” evidence that causes provide about earlier events often obscures things, once we our restrict attention to the cause-to-effect component it is true to say promoting (inhibiting) causes raise (lower) the probabilities of their effects. This factoring assumes the same form whether causation is given an interventionist, counterfactual or probabilistic interpretation. Whether we think about causation in terms of interventions and causal graphs, counterfactuals and imaging functions, or probability raising against the background of causally homogenous partitions, if we describe the essential features of a situation correctly then the incremental evidence that a cause provides for its effect in virtue of being its cause will be the same.|
|Keywords||Causal inference Incremental evidence Bayesian causal graph Markov condition Imaging Backtracking counterfactual Probabilistic causation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Alex Broadbent (2012). Causes of Causes. Philosophical Studies 158 (3):457-476.
Christoph Hoerl (2011). Causal Reasoning. Philosophical Studies 152 (2):167-179.
Danilo Šuster (2002). Embedded Conditionals as the Essence of Causality? Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):197-211.
Morteza Dehghani, Rumen Iliev & Stefan Kaufmann (2012). Causal Explanation and Fact Mutability in Counterfactual Reasoning. Mind and Language 27 (1):55-85.
Douglas Kutach (2011). Backtracking Influence. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (1):55-71.
Andre Norman Gallois (2009). The Fixity of Reasons. Philosophical Studies 146 (2):233 - 248.
Added to index2009-10-17
Total downloads56 ( #21,303 of 722,704 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,247 of 722,704 )
How can I increase my downloads?